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1937–Country singer, Waylon (Arnold) Jennings, is born in Littlefield, Texas. Jennings was characterized by his powerful singing voice, with a rough-edged quality, as well as his unique phrasing. His image was that of “outlaw country,” with his long hair and beard, and his black hat and black leather vest he wore during his appearances. His hits include Four Strong Winds, (That’s What You Get) for Lovin’ Me, Good Hearted Woman, I’m a Ramblin’ Man, Luckenbach, Texas, and Theme from The Dukes of Hazzard (Good Ol' Boys).

BC 763–Assyrians record a solar eclipse that is later used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.

844–Louis II is crowned as King of Italy by Pope Sergius II in Rome.

923–Robert I, King of France (922-923), dies in battle in Soissons, France, at age 56.

948–Byzantine Emperor, Romanos I Lekapenos, dies at age 78.

1073–Emperor Go-Sanjo of Japan dies at age 40. Go-Sanjo had abdicated the throne, in favor of his son, and he entered the Buddhist priesthood on May 11, 1073. His new priestly name became Kongo-gyo.

1184–King Magnus V of Norway is killed at the Battle of Fimreite.

1215–King John of England signs the Magna Carta, a 63-part document of human rights that will become the foundation of the English legal system.

1219–A Danish victory at the Battle of Lyndanisse (present-day Tallinn) establishes the Danish Duchy of Estonia. According to legend, this battle marks the first use of the Dannebrog, the world's first national flag still in use, as the national flag of Denmark.

1246–Frederick II, Duke of Austria, dies at the Battle of the Leitha River, at age 35. It was a border conflict he had picked with Hungarian King Béla IV.

1300–The city of Bilbao, Spain, is founded.

1312–At the Battle of Rozgony, King Charles I of Hungary wins a decisive victory over the family of Palatine Amade Aba.

1330–Edward, Prince of Wales (1343-1376), is born at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England. Called the Black Prince, he was the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of King Richard II of England.

1341–Byzantine Emperor, Andronikos III Palaiologos, dies in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, at age 44.

1381–Leader of the English Peasants' Revolt, Wat Tyler, is beheaded in London, England.

1383–Byzantine Emperor, John VI Kantakouzenos, dies in Peloponnese, Despotate of Morea, at age 90.

1389–In the Battle of Kosovo, the Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians.

1389–Ottoman sultan, Murad I, dies by assassination after battle at Kosovo Field, (present-day) Prishtina District, Kosovo, at age 62.

1410–In a decisive battle at Onon River, the Mongol forces of Oljei Temur are decimated by the Chinese armies of the Yongle Emperor.

1479–Lisa del Giocondo is born in Via Maggio, Florence, Italy. She was the model for the "Mona Lisa," painted by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance. Centuries after Lisa's death, the "Mona Lisa" became the world's most famous painting and took on a life separate from Lisa, the woman. The "Mona Lisa" has been in custody of France since the 16th century, when it was acquired by King Francis I. After the French Revolution, it came into the possession of the people. Today, about six million people visit the painting each year at the Louvre in Paris, France, where it is part of a French national collection.

1502–Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Martinique on his fourth voyage. It is an island in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea.

1520–Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull, Exsurge Domine.

1542–Captain and explorer, Richard Grenville, is born in Bideford, Devon, England. He was a soldier, an armed merchant fleet owner, privateer, and colonizer. He took part in the early English attempts to settle the New World, and also participated in the fight against the Spanish Armada.

1553–Archduke Ernest of Austria is born in Vienna, Austria. He was the son of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain.

1580–Philip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw, promising a reward of 25,000 crowns to any man who would succeed in killing him.

1648–Margaret Jones is hung as a witch in Boston, Massachusetts. It is the first such execution for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1667–The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.

1670–The first stone of Fort Ricasoli is laid down in Malta.

1676–Architect and writer, Colen Campbell, is born in Brodie, Scotland. He would become credited with founding the Georgian style of Architecture. His major published work, Vitruvius Britannicus (The British Architect), appeared in three volumes between 1715 and 1725. In the empirical vein, it was not a treatise, but basically a catalogue of design, containing engravings of English buildings by Inigo Jones and Sir Christopher Wren, as well as Campbell himself, and other prominent architects of the era.

1752–Benjamin Franklin carries out his famous experiment using a kite to prove that lightning is electricity.

1775–George Washington is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the American Army.

1776–Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.

1804–New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.

1805–Politician, William (Butler) Ogden, is born in Walton, New York. He was the first Mayor of Chicago, Illinois.

1808–Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.

1815–The Duchess of Richmond's ball is held in Brussels, Belguim, as "the most famous ball in history."

1816–At the Villa Diodati in the village of Cologny, Switzerland, Lord Byron reads Fantasmagoriana to his four house guests, Percy Shelley, Mary Shelley, Claire Clairmont, and John Polidori, and challenges each guest to write a ghost story: Mary Shelley writes the novel Frankenstein, John Polidori writes the short story The Vampyre, and Byron himself writes an unfinished vampire novel, Fragment of a Novel, and the poem, “Darkness.”

1836–Arkansas becomes the 25th state of the United States of America.

1843–Composer, Edvard (Hagerup) Grieg, is born in the coastal town of Bergen, Norway. He is widely considered one of the leading Romantic era composers, and his music is part of the standard classical repertoire worldwide. He is the most celebrated person from the city of Bergen, with numerous statues depicting his image, and many cultural entities have been named after him.

1844–Charles Goodyear patents vulcanized rubber.

1846–The United States and Great Britain settle the Oregon territory dispute, concerning the boundary between the U.S. and Canada at the 49th parallel.

1849–James K. Polk, 11th U.S. President (1845-1849), dies of cholera in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 53. His last words were to his wife: "I love you, Sarah. For all eternity, I love you." Polk also served as the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives (1835-1839) and Governor of Tennessee (1839-1841).

1851–Dairyman, Jacob Fussell, establishes the first ice-cream factory in Baltimore, Maryland.

1859–Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between American and British-Canadian settlers.

1864–Arlington Cemetery is founded in Arlington, Virginia. It is the first U.S. Military cemetery.

1867–The Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine is discovered in Montana.

1869–Celluloid is patented by John Wesley Hyatt in Albany, New York.

1877–Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy.

1878–In England, Edward Muybridge makes the first attempt to capture motion in pictures (using 12 cameras, each taking one picture), to see if all four of a galloping horse's hooves leave the ground at the same instant. (They do.)

1881–Voodoo practitioner, Marie Laveau, dies in New Orleans, Louisiana, at age 79. However, oral tradition states that she was seen by some people in town after her supposed demise. As well, one of her daughters, also named Marie (many of the daughters had Marie within their names due to Catholic naming practices) possibly assumed her position, with her name, and carried on her magical practice, taking over as the queen soon before or after the first Marie's death. She and her mother had great influence over their multi-racial following.

1882–Ion (Victor) Antonescu, "Conducator" (or leader) of Romania during World War II, is born in Pitesti, Arges County, Romania. He presided over two successive wartime dictatorships.

1887–Carlisle D. Graham survives his second ride over Niagara Falls in a barrel.

1888–German Emperor, Frederick III, dies of cancer of the larynx in Potsdam, German Empire, at age 56. He had reined for only 99 days, and was succeeded by his 29-year-old son, Wilhelm II, who would be the last Emperor of the German Empire.

1896–A tsunami hits the Shinto Festival on the beach at Sanriku, Japan, killing 27,000, injuring 9,000 others, and destroying 13,000 homes.

1904–Passenger steamboat, the PS General Slocum, catches fire and sinks in the East River of New York City. An estimated 1,021 of approximately 1,400 passengers on board die. The General Slocum disaster would be New York City's worst loss of life until September 11, 2001. It remains the worst maritime disaster in the city's history.

1905–Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Gustaf, Crown Prince of Sweden.

1908–Mobster, Sam Giancana, is born Salvatore Giangana in Chicago, Illinois. He was the Sicilian American mob boss of the “Chicago Outfit” from 1957 to 1966.

1910–Orchestra leader, David Rose, is born in London, England. He is best known for the compositions The Stripper, Holiday for Strings, and Calypso Melody. He was married to comedienne, Martha Raye, and to entertainer, Judy Garland.

1911–The Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.

1915–Native American potter, Helen Cordero, is born in Cochiti Pueblo, New Mexico. She is renowned for her storyteller pottery figurines, a motif she invented, based upon the traditional "singing mother" motif.

1916–President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.

1917–Cowboy actor, Al “Lash” La Rue, is born Alfred LaRue in Gretna, Louisiana. He was a popular western movie star of the 1940s and 1950s. He had exceptional skill with the bull whip and taught Harrison Ford how to use a bullwhip in the "Indiana Jones" movies. Lash LaRue Western comic books were published first by Fawcett Comics and later by Charlton Comics, between 1949 and 1961.

1919–Englishmen, John Alcock and Arthur Brown, complete the first non-stop trans-Atlantic flight when they reach Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.

1919–Englishmen, John Alcock and Arthur Brown, complete the first non-stop trans-Atlantic flight.

1920–The first radio broadcast of live music takes place from Chelmsford, England, featuring Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. It was broadcast by Guglielmo Marconi.

1921–Jazz pianist, Erroll (Louis) Garner, is born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His best-known composition, Misty, has become a jazz standard.

1922–Jazz pianist, Jaki Byard, is born John Arthur Byard in Worcester, Massachusetts. During his 60-year career, he worked with Maynard Ferguson, Eric Dolphy, Charles Mingus, and Roland Kirk. He also had a career as a music teacher at the New England Conservatory, the Hartt School of Music, the Manhattan School of Music, and the New School for Jazz and Contemporary Music.

1924–The Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile.

1924–Ezer Weizman is born in Tel Aviv, British Mandate of Palestine. He was the seventh President of Israel, first elected in 1993 and re-elected in 1998. Before the presidency, he was commander of the Israeli Air Force and Minister of Defense. His uncle was Chaim Weismann, the first President of Israel.

1932–Politician, Mario Cuomo, is born Mario Matthew Cuomo in New York, New York. He served as the 52nd Governor of New York for three terms, from 1983 to 1994, Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1979 to 1982, and Secretary of State of New York from 1975 to 1978. His son is politician, Andrew Cuomo (also Governor of New York), and his daughter is journalist, Chris Cuomo.

1934–The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.

1937–A German expedition, led by Karl Wien, loses 16 members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat in the Himalayas.

1937–Biographer, Ray Coleman, is born in Leicester, England. Coleman was the former editor-in-chief of Melody Maker, known for his biographies of The Beatles. He also contributed to music magazines such as Disc, Black Music, and Musicians Only.

1937–Country singer, Waylon (Arnold) Jennings, is born in Littlefield, Texas. Jennings was characterized by his powerful singing voice, with a rough-edged quality, as well as his unique phrasing. His image was that of “outlaw country,” with his long hair and beard, and his black hat and black leather vest he wore during his appearances. His hits include Four Strong Winds, (That’s What You Get) for Lovin’ Me, Good Hearted Woman, I’m a Ramblin’ Man, Luckenbach, Texas, and Theme from The Dukes of Hazzard (Good Ol' Boys).

1940–France surrenders to Hitler and German troops occupy Paris.

1941–Singer, Harry Nilsson, is born Harry Edward Nilsson III in Brooklyn, New York. As a songwriter, he wrote Three Dog Night’s first big hit, One. His own “Top 10” hits include Everybody's Talkin' (theme from the movie Midnight Cowboy), Without You, and Coconut. He had success with the three cleverly-titled albums Nilsson Schmilsson, Son of Schmilsson, and A Little Touch of Schmilsson in the Night. Nilsson is sometimes best remembered as John Lennon’s drinking buddy during Lennon’s “Lost Weekend” in the mid-1970s. Lennon produced Nilsson’s album, Pussy Cats, during that time. Until his own death from a heart attack on January 15, 1994, he helped to fight for gun control in memory of his dear friend.

1941–Mystic and author, Evelyn Underhill, dies in London, England, at age 65. She was one of the most widely read writers on such matters in the first half of the 20th century. No other book of its type (until Aldous Huxley's The Perennial Philosophy in 1946) matched the success of her best-known work, Mysticism, published in 1911.

1942–Xaviera Hollander is born Vera de Vries in Soerabaja, Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia). She is best known for her memoir The Happy Hooker. In 1968, she resigned from her job as secretary of the Dutch consulate in Manhattan, to become a call girl, where she made $1,000 a night. A year later, she opened her own brothel, the Vertical Whorehouse, and soon became New York City's leading madam. In 1971, she was arrested for prostitution by New York police and forced to leave the United States. For 35 years, she wrote an advice column for Penthouse magazine called “Call Me Madam.”

1943–Singer and actor, Johnny Hallyday, is born Jean-Philippe Léo Smet in Paris, France. The French rocker completed 181 tours, had 18 platinum albums, and sold more than 110 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time. He was married to singer, Sylvie Vartan.

1943–Muff Winwood, of The Spencer Davis Group, is born Mervyn Winwood in Erdington, Birmingham, England. His younger brother is musician Steve Winwood.

1944–In the Saskatchewan general election, the CCF, led by Tommy Douglas, is elected and forms the first socialist government in North America.

1945–The General Dutch Youth League (ANJV) is founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

1946–Noddy Holder, of Slade, is born Neville John Holder in Walsall, Staffordshire, England. After 25 years with Slade, Holder left to pursue a career away from music, with regular stints as a radio presenter, television personality, actor, and voice over artist.

1946–Janet (Elizabeth) Lennon, of The Lennon Sisters, is born in Venice, California. She was the youngest of four sisters who performed on The Lawrence Welk Show in the 1950s (the others are Dianne, Peggy, and Kathy). She also has a younger sister, Mimi. In the 1970s, the sisters performed regularly on The Andy Williams Show, and toured with Williams across the country, including engagements at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas. The vocal group had hits with Tonight You Belong to Me and Sad Movies (Make Me Cry). Although much of the group's fame was based on their television appearances, they also recorded frequently for Dot Records in the 50s and 60s, producing a dozen albums.

1949–Actor, Jim Varney, is born James Albert Varney, Jr. in Lexington, Kentucky. He is best known for his character of Ernest P. Worrell, who was used in numerous TV commercial campaigns and movies. He appeared in the films Spittin’ Image, Ernest Goes to Camp, Ernest Saves Christmas, The Beverly Hillbillies, and The Expert.

1954–UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) is formed in Basel, Switzerland.

1954–Actor, James (Adam) Belushi, is born in Chicago, Illinois. He appeared in the films The Fury, Thief, Trading Places, The Man with One Red Shoe, Salavdor, Jumpin’ Jack Flash, About Last Night..., The Principal, Real Men, K-9, Mr. Destiny, Curly Sue, Only the Lonely, and Jingle All the Way. He is the younger brother of comedian, John Belushi.

1955–The U.S. stages its first nationwide civil defense exercise. American Baby Boomer kids of the 1950s practice how to “duck and cover” in case the U.S. is bombed by Russia.

1955–Actress, Polly (Carey) Draper, is born in Gary, Indiana. She is best known for her role on the TV series thirtysomething. She appeared in the films Making Mr. Right, The Pick-up Artist, A Million to Juan, The Tic Code, Dinner Rush, and Our Idiot Brother.

1955–Actress, Julie (Beth) Hagerty, is born in Cincinnati, Ohio. She appeared in the films Airplane!, A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy, Airplane II: The Sequel, Lost in America, Goodbye, New York, Bad Medicine, Rude Awakening, What About Bob?, Noises Off, and U Turn.

1956–John Lennon first meets Paul McCartney at a church fete in Liverpool, England. A few days later, Lennon invites McCartney to join his group, The Quarry Men, which later became The Beatles.

1959–Actress, Eileen Davidson, is born in Artesia, California. She is best known for her roles on the TV soap operas Days of Our Lives, The Young and the Restless, and The Bold and the Beautiful. In 2014, Davidson joined the cast of the Bravo reality TV series The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills. She appeared in the films Goin’ All the Way, The Phoenix, The House on Sorority Row, and Eternity. She is married to actor and tennis professional, Vincent Van Patton.

1962–The first nuclear generated electricity is supplied to the National Grid in the U.K.

1963–Israeli Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, resigns.

1963–A chart topper: Sukiyaki by Kyu Sakamoto.

1963–Actress, Helen (Elizabeth) Hunt, is born in Culver City, California. She is best known for her role on the TV sitcom Mad About You. She appeared in the films Rollercoaster, Trancers, Girls Just Want to Have Fun, Peggy Sue Got Married, Project X, Miles from Home, Next of Kin, The Waterdance, Only You, Mr. Saturday Night, Bob Roberts, Twister, As Good as It Gets, Dr. T & the Women, Pay It Forward, Cast Away, and Bobby. Her father was film and stage director, Gordon Hunt. She was married to actor, Hank Azaria.

1964–The Beatles album, Souvenir of Their American Visit, is released.

1964–Actress, Courteney (Bass) Cox, is born in Birmingham, Alabama. She is best known for her roles on the TV shows Friends, Sex and the City, and Cougar Town. She appeared in the films Down Twisted, Master of the Universe, Cocoon: The Return, Mr. Destiny, Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, Scream, The Runner, 3000 Miles to Graceland, and Bedtime Stories. She was married to actor, David Arquette.

1965–Actor, Steve Cochran, dies of a lung infection on his yacht off the coast of Guatemala, at age 48. He appeared in the films The Kid from Brooklyn, The Best Years of Our Lives, Copacabana, A Song Is Born, White Heat, The Damned Don’t Cry, Storm Warning, Inside the Walls of Folsom Prison, The Desert Song, Carnival Story, and The Beat Generaton.

1966–The Beatles’ LP Yesterday and Today is released in America on the Capitol label. The albums bear the original "butcher cover" on this date. When distributors receive the albums showing The Beatles in butcher's smocks, holding chunks of raw meat and dismembered dolls, they are horrified. The album is recalled for repackaging in new "more acceptable" sleeves.

1968–Revealing their new-found love to the public, John Lennon and Yoko Ono participate in the National Sculpture Exhibition at Coventry Cathedral. As their “Acorn Event,” they plant two acorns to symbolize the peace, simplicity, and understanding between East and West that their relationship represents.

1968–Jazz guitarist, Wes Montgomery, dies of a heart attack in Indianapolis, Indiana, at age 45. Montgomery had just returned from a tour with his quintet and was at the height of his fame, having attained a degree of popular acceptance that few jazz artists in that era achieved.

1969–The variety show, Hee Haw, debuts on CBS-TV.

1969–A chart topper: The Ballad of John and Yoko by The Beatles.

1969–Rapper, Ice Cube, is born O'Shea Jackson, Jr. in Compton, California. He is a record producer, actor, and filmmaker. He is considered one of the founding artists in “gangsta rap.” He began his career as a member of the hip-hop group C.I.A., and later joined N.W.A (Niggaz Wit Attitudes). After leaving N.W.A in December 1989, he built a successful solo career in music and films. He appeared in the films Boyz n the Hood, Trespass, The Glass Shield, Higher Learning, Dangerous Ground, The Players Club, BaberShop, Are We There Yet?, and 21 Jump Street.

1970–Charles Manson goes on trial for the Sharon Tate murders.

1970–Jimi Hendrix opens his new Electric Ladyland Studios in New York.

1971–Actor, Jake Busey, is born William Jacob Busey in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films Straight Time, Barbarosa, S.F.W., PCU, I’ll Do Anything, Twister, Contact, Starship Troopers, Enemy of the State, Home Fries, Christmas with the Kranks, Code Breakers, and Beverly Hills Chihuahua 3: Viva La Fiesta. He is the son of actor, Gary Busey.

1972–Red Army Faction co-founder, Ulrike Meinhof, is captured by police in Langenhagen, Germany.

1972–Fashion designer, Chloe Dao, is born in Pakse, Laos. She is best known as the winner of the Bravo TV reality series Project Runway Season 2. In May 2007, Dao premiered a 13-piece collection on QVC called “Simply. Chloe Dao,” which sold out during the broadcast.

1973–Actor, Neil Patrick Harris, is born in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He is best known for the title role on the TV series Doogie Howser, M.D. He appeared in the films Clara’s Heart, Purple People Eater, Cold Sassy Tree, Home Fires Burning, Stranger in the Family, A Family Torn Apart, The Man in the Attic, Not Our Son, Starship Troopers, The Christmas Wish, and The Next Best Thing.

1978–King Hussein of Jordan marries American Lisa Halaby, who takes the name Queen Noor.

1982–Sax player, Art Pepper, dies of a brain hemorrhage in Los Angeles, California, at age 56. In the 1950s, Pepper was recognized as one of the leading alto saxophonists in jazz. Some of Pepper's most famous albums from the 1950s are Art Pepper Meets the Rhythm Section, Art Pepper + Eleven: Modern Jazz Classics, Gettin' Together, and Smack Up.

1985–Rembrandt's painting, “Danae,” is attacked by a man who throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with a knife. He is later judged insane.

1989–Actor, Victor French, dies of lung cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 54. He is best known for his roles on the TV shows Little House on the Prairie and Highway to Heaven. He also was seen on many other TV shows, including Hazel, The Virginian, Bonanza, Wagon Train, Get Smart, Batman, Gunsmoke, Mannix, and Kung Fu. He appeared in the films The Quick and the Dead, Charro!, Rio Lobo, Chato’s Land, and An Officer and a Gentleman.

1991–In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts, killing over 800 people.

1992–The U.S. Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the United States to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the United States for trial, without approval from those other countries.

1993–John Connally, Governor of Texas (1963-1969), dies of pulmonary fibrosis in Houston, Texas, at age 76.

1994–Israel and Vatican City establish full diplomatic relations.

1996–The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) detonates a powerful truck bomb, injuring over 200 people and devastating a large part of Manchester, England.

1996–Jazz singer, Ella Fitzgerald, dies after years of health problems in Beverly Hills, California, at age 79. On her final day, her last words were, "I'm ready to go now." She was often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing, and intonation, and improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing. Her biggest hit was A-Tisket, A-Tasket.

1997–Model, Naomi Campbell, is hospitalized due to a drug overdose.

1999–Nicholas Vitalich is arrested for assaulting his girlfriend with a large tuna, outside a San Diego, California, supermarket. He was charged with assault with a deadly weapon.

2001–Leaders of the People's Republic of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan form the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

2001–The 55th NBA Championship: The Los Angeles Lakers beat the Philadelphia 76ers, 4 games to 1.

2002–An asteroid missed hitting the Earth by 75,000 miles, about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

2003–The 57th NBA Championship: The San Antonio Spurs beat the New Jersey Nets, 4 games to 2.

2003–Actor, Hume Cronyn, dies of prostate cancer in Fairfield, Connecticut, at age 91. He appeared in the films Shadow of a Doubt, Lifeboat, Ziegfeld Follies, The Postman Always Rings Twice, The Beginning or the End, Sunrise at Campobello, Cleopatra, Richard Burton’s Hamlet, Gaily Gaily, The Parallax View, Conrack, Honky Tonk Freeway, The World According to Garp, Brewster’s Millions, Cocoon, *batterues not included, Marvin’s Room, and Alone.

2004–The 58th NBA Championship: The Detroit Pistons beat the Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 1.

2007–Claudia Cohen, gossip columnist and socialite, dies of ovarian cancer in New York, New York, at age 56. In 1976, she joined The New York Post as a reporter for its fledgling gossip column "Page Six." She became the editor of "Page Six: in 1978. Noted for going for the jugular, and creating a column with savvy and a sharp edge, Cohen is credited with making "Page Six" a household name.

2008–Stan Winston, special effects and makeup artist, dies of multiple myeloma in Malibu, California, at age 62. His work includes The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, The Wiz, The Thing, The Terminator, Invaders from Mars, Aliens, Predator, Edward Scissorhands, Jurassic Park, Interview with the Vampire, Pearl Harbor, Iron Man, and Avatar.

2010–Actor, Harrison Ford, marries actress, Calista Flockhart, in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

2012–Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to successfully tightrope walk over Niagara Falls. He is a seventh-generation member of The Flying Wallendas family of aerialists and circus performers.

2013–A bomb explodes on a bus in Quetta, Pakistan, killing at least 25 people and wounding 22 others.

2014–Pakistan formally launches military a operation against the insurgents in North Waziristan.

2014–Actor, Jacques Bergerac, dies in Anglet, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France. He appeared in the films Twist of Fate, Les Girls, Gigi Thunder in the Sun, The Hypnotic Eye, and The Global Affair.

2014–Disc jockey, Casey Kasem, dies of Parkinson's disease in Gig Harbor, Washington, at age 82. He was the creator of the weekly syndicated radio show, American Top 40.

2015–Rachel Dolezal, civil rights activist in Washington state, resigns as President of the NAACP’s Spokane chapter. Her parents had come forward to say that she was a white woman who was claiming to be black. When a reporter for KXLY in Spokane asked her if she was African American, she said she did not understand the question and walked away.

2016–The Israeli water company, Mekorot, cuts its water supply to the West Bank, while Palestinians are celebrating Ramadan, leaving tens of thousands of people without safe drinking water.

2017–The usually blue waters of the Bosphorus Strait in Instanbul, Turkey, turns to a milky turquoise due to a surge in numbers of a species of plankton across the Black Sea.

2017–A driver strikes and injures a Secret Service officer near President Donald Trump's motorcade at the White House. A suspect is taken into custody.

2017–An explosion at a kindergarten in Fengxian, Jiangsu Province, China, kills seven people and injures 66 others.

2018–The United States imposes a 25% tariff on goods imported from China worth $50 billion, collectible from July 6, 2018, and on.

2018–Actor, Leslie Grantham, dies of an undeclosed medical condition in England, at age 71. He is best known for the role of "Dirty" Den Watts on the BBC soap opera EastEnders. He was also a convicted murderer, who served 10 years for the killing of a West German taxi driver.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: The Magna Carta; the "Mona Lisa"; Vitruvius Britannicus (The British Architect) by Colen Campbell; Edvard Grieg; celluloid charms; Sam Giancana; Al “Lash” La Rue; the Ford Model T; Harry Nilsson; vintage Janet Lennon paper dolls; "Baby Boomer" kids duck and cover; Eileen Davidson; Helen Hunt; John Lennon and Yoko Ono during their “Acorn Event”; Jimi Hendrix at his Electric Ladyland Studios in New York; Neil Patrick Harris; Victor French; Ella Fitzgerald; Hume Cronyn; and Harrison Ford and Calista Flockhart.

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