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2004–Ronald Reagan, 40th U.S. President and Governor of California, dies of pneumonia complicated by Alzheimer's disease at his home in Bel Air, California, at age 93. On June 9th, Reagan's body was flown to Washington, D.C., where he became the 10th U.S. President to lie in state. In 34 hours, 104,684 people filed past the coffin. President George W. Bush declared June 11th a National Day of Mourning for the former President.



70–Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem, in the Siege of Jerusalem.

301–Chinese Emperor, Sima Lun, dies from forced suicide by enemy forces, at age 53.

535–Epiphanius of Constantinople dies in the Byzantine Empire, at age 14.

567–Pope Theodosius I of Alexandria dies in Egypt.

754–Boniface, an Anglo-Saxon missionary, is killed by a band of pagans at Dokkum in Frisia.

1017–Emperor Sanjo of Japan dies in Sanjo, Heian Kyo, Japan, at age 41.

1257–Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.

1316–Louis X, King of France (1314-1316), dies of pneumonia or pleurisy in Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, France, at age 26. There was suspicion that he may have been poisoned.

1493–Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer, is born Jodokus (Jobst) Koch at Nordhausen (present-day Thuringia). During Martin Luther's stay in the Wartburg, Jonas was one of the most active of the Wittenberg reformers. Giving himself up to preaching and polemics, he aided the Reformation by his gift as a translator, turning Luther's and Philip Melanchthon's works into German or Latin as the case might be. Jonas also assisted Luther with his translation of the Bible into German.

1661–Isaac Newton is admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge, England.

1718–Furniture maker, Thomas Chippendale, is born in Otley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. He was a cabient-maker and designer in the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles.

1783–Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier publicly demonstrate their hot-air balloon in a 10-minute flight over Annonay, France.

1817–The first Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.

1819–Burmese King Bodawpaya dies in Amarapura, Burma, at age 74. He was the sixth King of the Konbaung Dynasty of Burma. He fathered 62 sons and 58 daughters with about 200 consorts.

1829–The HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship, Voladora, off the coast of Cuba.

1832–The June Rebellion breaks out in Paris, France, in an attempt to overthrow the monarchy of Louis Philippe.

1837–Houston, Texas, is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.

1849–Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.

1850–Western lawman, Pat Garrett, is born Patrick Floyd Garrett in Cusseta, Alabama. He was a customs agent, bartender, and the sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico. Garrett was given the job of tracking down and arresting an alleged friend from his saloon keeping days, Henry McCarty, a jail escapee who often went by the aliases Henry Antrim and William Harrison Bonney, but who is better known as "Billy the Kid." Garrett shot and killed Bonney on July 14, 1881, at a private home (now know as the “Maxwell House”) in Fort Sumner, southeastern New Mexico.

1851–Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin (or Life Among the Lowly), begins to appear in serial form in an abolitionist weekly newspaper The Washington National Era.

1862–The Treaty of Saigon is signed, ceding parts of southern Vietnam to France.

1876–Bananas become popular in America, when introduced this day at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1878–Revolutionary guerrilla leader, Pancho Villa, is born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula in La Coyotada, San Juan del Río, Durango, Mexico. As commander of the División del Norte (Division of the North), he was the most powerful military leader of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua, which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States, provided him with extensive resources. Villa was also provisional Governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914. Villa retired in 1920, and was given a 25,000-acre estate, which he turned into a "military colony" for his former soldiers.

1882–A storm and severe flooding hits Bombay, India, killing almost 100,000 people.

1883–The first regularly scheduled Orient Express departs Paris, France.

1883–Economist, John Maynard Keynes, is born in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England. He was a British economist whose ideas have fundamentally affected the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics and informed the economic policies of governments. He built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles, and he is widely considered to be one of the founders of modern macroeconomics and the most influential economist of the 20th century. His ideas are the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics. Keynes's influence waned in the 1970s, but with the advent of the global financial crisis of 2007-2008, there was a resurgence in Keynesian thought. Keynesian economics provided the theoretical underpinning for economic policies undertaken by President Barack Obama of the United States, Prime Minister Gordon Brown of the United Kingdom, and other heads of governments.

1888–A 5.5 earthquake hits Rio de la Plata. The epicentre was located nine miles southwest of Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay, and 26 miles east of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1895–Actor, William (Lawrence) Boyd, is born in Belmont County, Ohio. He is best known for starring in the TV series Hopalong Cassidy. His character of Hopalong Cassidy was one the most highly merchandised for the Baby Boomer generation: there were Hopalong Cassidy watches, trash cans, cups, dishes, Topps trading cards, metal lunchboxes, comic books, and cowboy outfits. The original Hopalong Cassidy character, written by Clarence E. Mulford for pulp fiction, was changed from a hard-drinking, rough-living wrangler to a cowboy hero who did not smoke, swear, or drink alcohol (his drink of choice being sarsaparilla), and who always let the bad guy start the fight. The Hopalong Cassidy series ended in 1948, after 66 films.

1898–Shoe designer, Salvatore Ferragamo, is born in Bonito, Italy. He worked in Hollywood during the 1920s, before founding his own company in Italy. Over the years, his imaginative designs would give rise to many innovations, such as the wedge and cage heel. The name Ferragamo came to be synonymous with the finest quality materials and workmanship.

1900–Dennis Gabor, inventor of holography (3D laser photography), is born Gunszberg Dénes in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary. He received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention.

1900–Stephen Crane, author of The Red Badge of Courage, dies of tuberculosis in a Black Forest sanatorium in Badenweiler, Germany, at age 28. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.

1907–BAPS Swaminarayan religion is established.

1910–Writer, O. Henry, dies of cirrhosis of the liver, complications of diabetes, and an enlarged heart in New York, New York, at age 47. His short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, warm characterization, and surprise endings. He is best known for the story “The Gift of the Magi.”

1915–Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage.

1916–The Arab Revolt breaks out against the Ottoman Empire.

1916–Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He is the first American Jew to hold such a position.

1917–Ten million U.S. men begin registering for the draft in World War I.

1917–Residents near Topeka, Kansas, report disk-shaped hailstones six to 10 inches in diameter, and two to three inches thick.

1924–Football player and radio host, Art Donovan, is born Arthur James Donovan, Jr. in the Bronx, New York. He played for three National Football League teams, most notably the Baltimore Colts. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1968.

1928–Actor, Robert Lansing, is born Robert Howell Brown in San Diego, California. He was seen in dozens of TV shows, including Thriller, The Twilight Zone, Wagon Train, 12 O’Clock High, Daniel Boone, The Virginian, Star Trek, The Mod Squad, and Mannix. He appeared in the films 4D Man, A Gathering of Eagles, Under the Yum Yum Tree, An Eye for an Eye, and Empire of the Ants.

1928–Film director, Tony Richardson, is born Cecil Antonio Richardson in Shipley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. He was active in Britain's Free Cinema movement, sometimes referred to “kitchen sink” films. Part of the British "New Wave" of directors, he was involved in the formation of the English Stage Company. His films include Look Back in Anger, The Entertainer, Sanctuary, A Taste of Honey, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner, Tom Jones, The Loved One, Hamlet, Ned Kelly, Joseph Andrews, The Hotel New Hampshire, and Blue Sky. He was married to actress, Vanessa Redgrave and theur their daughters are actresses Natasha Richardson and Joely Richardson.

1932–Christy Brown is born in Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland. He was a writer and painter with cerebral palsy who was only able to write or type with the toes of one foot. He wrote about his life in the autobiography, My Left Foot, which was made into a film of the same name.

1933–The United States goes off the Gold Standard. This nullifys the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.

1934–Actress, Katherine (Marie) Helmond, is born in Galveston, Texas. She is best known for her roles in the TV shows Soap, Coach, and Who’s the Boss. She appeared in the films The Hospital, The Hindenberg, Family Plot, Baby Blue Marine, Time Bandits, Brazil, Overboard, and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas.

1934–Astronaut, F. Curtis Michel, is born in LaCrosse, Wisconsin. He was an astrophysicist, and a former professor of astrophysics at Rice University in Houston, Texas. During his three years of military service, he flew F-86D Interceptors in the United States and in Europe. He had accumulated 1,000 hours flying time and 900 hours in jet aircraft. Michel was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in June 1965. He resigned in September 1969, prior to being assigned to any missions, in order to return to teaching and research.

1934–Reporter, Bill Moyers, is born Billy Don Moyers in Hugo, Oklahoma. He was a reporter and assistant to President Lyndon Johnson. In 1970, he hopped on a bus and began a 13,000-mile trip across the country, interviewing people along the way. The interviews later became his first book Listening to America: A Traveler Rediscovers His Country.

1937–Country singer, Waylon (Arnold) Jennings, is born in Littlefield, Texas. He is best known as a songwriter and musician in the country music “outlaw movement.” In 1958, Buddy Holly arranged Jennings's first recording session, of Jole Blon and When Sin Stops (Love Begins). Holly then hired him to play bass in his band. While on tour in Clear Lake, Iowa, Jennings gave up his seat on the ill-fated flight that crashed and killed Holly, J. P. Richardson, and Ritche Valens. His hits include I’m a Ramblin’ Man and Luckenbach, Texas, Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys, and Theme from The Dukes of Hazzard (Good Ol' Boys). He was married to country singer, Jessi Colter.

1940–The Netherlands rations petroleum.

1941–In World War II, 4,000 Chongqing residents are asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.

1941–Writer-actor, Spalding (Rockwell) Gray, is born in Providence, Rhode Island. He is known for the autobiographical monologues that he wrote and performed for the theater in the 1980s and 1990s, the most popular being Swimming to Cambodia (which was also made into a film). As an actor, he appeared in the films True Stories, Beaches, Clara’s Heart, King of the Hill, and The Paper.

1942–The United States declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.

1944–More than 1,000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.

1945–The United States, the United Kingdom, USSR, and France, declare supreme authority over Germany, dividing it into four occupation zones.

1945–Don Reid, of The Statler Brothers, is born Donald Sidney Reid in Staunton, Virginia. Their biggest hit was Flowers on the Wall. Reid was lead singer of the group, and wrote or co-wrote 40 of the 66 songs that made the Billboard Country Music chart.

1946–A fire in the La Salle Hotel in Chicago, Illinois, kills 61 people.

1946–George A. Hormel, founder of the meat packing company George A. Hormel & Company, dies of heart failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 85.

1946–George A. Hormel, founder of the meat packing company George A. Hormel & Company, dies of heart failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 85. His ownership stake in the company made him one of the wealthiest Americans during his lifetime.

1947–In a speech at Harvard University, U.S. Secretary of State, George Marshall, calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.

1947–Performance artist, Laurie Anderson, is born in Glen Ellyn, Illinois. She is a pioneer in electronic music and has invented several devices that she has used in her recordings and performance art shows. In 1977, she created a tape-bow violin that uses recorded magnetic tape on the bow instead of horsehair and a magnetic tape head in the bridge. In the late 1990s, she developed a talking stick, a six-foot-long baton-like MIDI controller that can access and replicate sounds. She was married to rock singer, Lou Reed.

1947–Tom Evans, of Badfinger, is born Thomas Evans Jr. in Liverpool, Lancashire, England. The groups hits include Come and Get It, No Matter What, Day After Day, and Baby Blue.

1949–Thailand elects Orapin Chaiyakan, the first female member of Thailand's Parliament.

1951–Financial advisor, Suze Orman, is born Susan Lynn Orman in Chicago, Illinois. She is an author, motivational speaker, and television host. Her radio program, The Suze Orman Show, began airing on CNBC in 2002. Her books include The Nine Steps To Financial Freedom and The Courage to Be Rich.

1952–Nicko McBrain, drummer for heavy metal band Iron Maiden, is born Michael Henry McBrain in Hackney, London, England.

1953–Film producer, Kathleen Kennedy, is born in Berkeley, California. She co-founded Amblin Entertainment with Frank Marshall and Steven Spielberg.

1955–John Lennon's uncle, George Smith, dies suddenly of a liver haemorrhage in Liverpool, England, at age 52. Smith operated his family's two dairy farms and a retail outlet with his brother, Frank Smith, in the village of Woolton, Liverpool. The farms had been in the Smith family for four generations, but after the start of World War II, they were taken over by the British Government for war work. He married Mimi Stanley on September 15, 1939. From a early age, young John Lennon was being raised by his Aunt Mimi and Uncle George. Smith taught the young Lennon to read and solve crossword puzzles, and read him nursery rhymes at night. He also taught him to draw and paint, and bought the future musician his first mouth organ.

1956–The Milton Berle Show airs for the last time on NBC-TV. Elvis Presley introduces his new single, Hound Dog, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.

1956–Gene Vincent's Be-Bop-A-Lula is released. It will eventually sell over a million copies.

1956–Richard (Lofthouse) Butler, of The Psychedelic Furs, is born in Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey, England.

1956–Sax player, Kenny G, is born Kenneth Bruce Gorelick in Seattle, Washington. His fourth album, Duotones, brought him breakthrough success in 1986. Kenny G is the biggest-selling instrumental musician of the modern era, and one of the best-selling artists of all time, with global sales totaling more than 75 million.

1959–The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.

1959–Robert Zimmerman graduates from Hibbing High School in Hibbing, Minnesota. Later, at the University of Michigan, he performs in a campus coffee house under the name Bob Dylan.

1960–The George Gobel Show airs for the last time on CBS-TV.

1963–British War Minister, John Profumo, resigns from Parliament after admitting he had lied to the House of Commons about his affair with call girl, Christine Keeler.

1963–Protests take place against the arrest of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini by the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In several cities, masses of angry demonstrators are confronted by tanks and paratroopers.

1964–David Bowie releases one of his first singles, Liza Jane. However, he does it under his real name and with one of his first bands, as David Jones and the King Bees.

1966–The Ed Sullivan Show broadcasts color promo films for both songs on The Beatles' latest single, Paperback Writer and Rain.

1967–War erupts in the Mideast. Six days of fighting with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq, leaves Israel in control of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai Desert, and Golan Heights.

1968–Senator Robert Kennedy is shot and killed at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California, after claiming victory in the state's Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan is immediately arrested.

1969–The International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties begins in Moscow, Russia.

1971–Six Flags Over Mid-America opens in Eureka, Missouri (about 30 minutes southwest of St. Louis). The park has six themed sections: Missouri, Spain, England, Illinois, France, and USA. Rides at the opening include: The River King Mine Train, The Hoo Hoo Log Flume, Injun Joe’s Cave, Super Sports Car Ride, Angle Tangle, and The Sky Way.

1971–Actor, Mark Wahlberg, is born Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the youngest of nine children, with siblings Arthur, Jim, Paul, Robert, Tracey, Michelle, Debbie, and Donnie. He started out as a singer with Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch, and then switched to acting. He appeared the films The Basketball Diaries, Fear, Boogie Nights, The Big Hit, The yards, The Perfect Storm, I Heart Huckabees, The Departed, and We Own the Night. His sister-in-law is actress, Jenny McCarthy.

1972–UNICEF awards its "Child is the Father of the Man" award to George Harrison and Ravi Shankar for their efforts to aid the starving people of Bangladesh.

1975–Egypt reopens the Suez Canal to international shipping. The canal had been closed for eight years since the war with Israel in 1967.

1975–The United Kingdom holds its first country-wide referendum on remaining in the European Economic Community (EEC).

1975–The 48th National Spelling Bee: Hugh Tosteson wins, spelling incisor.

1976–In Idaho, The Teton Dam collapases.

1977–The first personal computer, the Apple II, goes on sale.

1977–The 31st NBA Championship: The Portland Trailblazers beat the Philadelphia 76ers, 4 games to 2.

1977–Actress, Navi Rawat, is born Navlata Rawat in Malibu, California. She is best known for the role of math prodigy Amita Ramanujan on the TV series Numb3rs.

1981–The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, reports that five homosexual men in Los Angeles, California, have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems. It turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.

1984–The Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, orders an attack on the Golden Temple, the holiest site of the Sikh religion.

1984–A chart topper: Time After Time by Cyndi Lauper.

1986–A 52-year-old man in Auburn, Washington, dies after taking an Excedrin capsule laced with cyanide. Improved safety packaging would follow this scare.

1988–Pattie Boyd, ex-wife of George Harrison, files for divorce from rock guitarist, Eric Clapton.

1990–South African troops plunder Nelson Mandela's home.

1991–Economist, Sylvia Porter, dies in Pound Ridge, New York, at age 77. She wrote Sylvia Porter's Money Book.

1993–Portions of the Holbeck Hall Hotel in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England, fall into the sea following a landslide.

1993–Rock-a-billy pioneer and country music legend, Conway Twitty, dies of an abdominal aneurysm in Branson, Missouri, at age 59. He scored 39 #1 Billboard country hits (including four duets with Loretta Lynn), among them, Hello Darlin' and You've Never Been This Far Before. His earlier rock and roll hits included It’s Only Make Believe and Lonely Blue Boy.

1996–Character actor, Vito Scotti, dies of lung cancer in Woodland Hills, California, at age 78. He can be seen in classic TV shows such as The Real McCoys, Bonanza, The Dick Van Dyke Show, and The Rifleman. He appeared in the films Where the Boys Are, Rio Conchos, The Pleasure Seekers, Von Ryan’s Express, Head, Cactus Flower, and Get Shorty.

1998–A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants. The strike would last for seven weeks.

1998–Actress, Jeanette Nolan, dies of lung cancer in Woodland Hills, California, at age 87. Nolan made more than 300 television appearances, which included The Rebel, Have Gun Will Travel, Wagon Train, The Twilight Zone, Dr. Kildare, The Virginian, The Real McCoys, Perry Mason, and Thriller. She appeared in the films Macbeth, Words and Music, The Big Heat, April Love, The Rabbit Trap, The Great Imposter, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, Twilight of Honor, My Blood Runs Cold, and The Horse Whisperer.

1998–Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (1961-1973), dies from complications of a stroke in Los Angeles, California, at age 88.

1999–Jazz and pop singer, Mel Torme, dies in Los Angeles, California, at age 73. On the pop side, he is most remembered for his huge hit, Comin’ Home. He also wrote the classic, The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire), which was a big hit by Nat King Cole.

2000–The Six-Day War in Kisangani begins in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, between Ugandan and Rwandan forces. A large part of the city is destroyed.

2001–Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall on the upper-Texas coastline, dumping large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm causes $5.5 billion in damages, making it the costliest tropical storm in U.S. history.

2002–Dee Dee Ramone, of The Ramones, dies of a heroin overdose in Hollywood, California, at age 50.

2003–A severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 122°F in the region.

2004–Actress, Jennifer Lopez, marries singer, Marc Anthony, in Beverly Hills, California.

2004–Ronald Reagan, 40th U.S. President and Governor of California, dies of pneumonia complicated by Alzheimer's disease at his home in Bel Air, California, at age 93. On June 9th, Reagan's body was flown to Washington, D.C., where he became the 10th U.S. President to lie in state. In 34 hours, 104,684 people filed past the coffin. President George W. Bush declared June 11th a National Day of Mourning for the former President.

2006–Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

2009–After 65 straight days of civil disobedience, at least 31 people are killed in clashes between security forces and indigenous people near Bagua, Peru.

2012–The last transit of Venus during the 21st century begins.

2012–Writer, Ray Bradbury, dies after a lengthy illness in Los Angeles, California, at age 91. He was an American fantasy, science fiction, horror and mystery fiction author. He is best known for his novels Fahrenheit 451 and The Illustrated Man, and the science fiction and horror stories gathered together as The Martian Chronicles.

2013–A building collapse in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, kills six people and wounds 14 others.

2015–A 6.0 earthquake strikes Ranau, Sabah, Malaysia, killing 18 people in a mass landslide.

2015–Journalist and politician, Tariq Aziz, dies of a heart attack in prison in Nasiriyah, Iraq, at age 79. He was the Iraqi Minister of Foreign Affairs (1983-1991), and a close advisor of President Saddam Hussein.

2015–Anthony Riley, contestant on Season 8 of the TV series The Voice, dies of suicide in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at age 28. After performing an impressive version of Jame Brown’s I Feel Good as his blind audition, he left the show two weeks later to enter a rehab program for substance abuse.

2016–Six people are hurt as an unknown assailant fires shots at a Czech tourist bus on the A7 autoroute near Saulce-sur-Rhône in southeastern France.

2016–Roger Clinton, half-brother of former President Bill Clinton, is arrested on suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) in Redondo Beach, California.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Emperor Sanjo of Japan; Issac Newton; Pat Garrett; Pancho Villa; William Boyd as Hopalong Cassidy; O. Henry; Tony Richardson; Katherine Helmond; Waylon Jennings; France's Normandy coast on D-Day; Tom Evans; John Lennon with his uncle, George Smith; Robert Zimmerman's yearbook photo (aka Bob Dylan); The Beatles performing Paperback Writer for a promotional video; Mark Wahlberg; the Apple II computer system; the picture sleeve for Time After Time by Cyndi Lauper; Conway Twitty; Sam Yorty; and President Ronald Reagan.

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