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1921–Rendezvous Park opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It is built at a cost of $2 million by the Boardwalk Company and is centrally located along the Boardwalk on a five-acre lot between the Ambassador and Ritz-Carlton Hotels. The park erected a $68,000 Fun House, a $22,000 Parker Carousel, an extra large Dodgem, a Uzzell Gyroplane, a Whip, an Aeroscope Aerial Ride, The Frolic, a Shooting Gallery, Shimmie Auto Ride, an Arcade with Skeeball, and The Magic Ride.

756–Japanese Emperor Shomu, dies in Nara, Japan, at age 56.

1039–Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, dies of gout in Utrecht, Germany, Holy Roman Empire, at age 49. Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1070–Roquefort cheese is created in a cave near Roquefort, France.

1134–Magnus I of Sweden dies in the Battle of Fotevik in in Scania, at age 28.

1135–Emperor Huizong of Song dies in China, at age 52. Huizong was known for his promotion of Taoism. He was a skilled poet, painter, calligrapher, and musician. Huizong was also a great tea enthusiast. He wrote the famous Treatise on Tea, the most detailed and masterful description of the Song dynasty sophisticated style of tea ceremony.

1394–Philippa of England is born at Peterborough Castle in Northamptonshire, England. She was Queen of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway from 1406 to 1430. She was the daughter of King Henry IV of England by his first wife Mary de Bohun, and the younger sister of King Henry V.

1411–King Charles VI grants a monopoly for the ripening of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon, France, as they had been doing for centuries.

1472–Nezahualcoyotl, Acolhuan philosopher, warrior, and poet, dies in Texcoco, Mexico, at age 70. He ruled the city-state of Texcoco in pre-Columbian era Mexico. He was survived by many concubines and an estimated 110 children.

1561–The steeple of St. Paul's Cathedral, the medieval cathedral of London, England, is destroyed in a fire caused by lightning and is never rebuilt.

1584–Sir Walter Raleigh establishes the first English colony on Roanoke Island, Virginia (present-day North Carolina).

1615–In the Siege of Osaka, forces under Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.

1647–Canonicus Grand Chief Sachem of the Narragansett Indian Tribe dies. He was Chief at the time that the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth.

1738–George III of the United Kingdom is born at Norfolk House, St. James's Square, London, England. He was King of Great Britain and Ireland from October 25, 1760, until the union of the two countries on January 1, 1801. He was then King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.

1745–Frederick the Great's Prussian army defeats an Austrian army, under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, during the War of the Austrian Succession.

1760–New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada, taken from the Acadians.

1783–The first public demonstration of a hot-air balloon is given by the Montgolfier brothers, Etienne and Joseph, at Annonay, France.

1784–Elisabeth Thible becomes the first woman to fly in an untethered hot air balloon.

1789–The Constitution of the United States of America goes into effect.

1792–Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Great Britain.

1794–The U.S. Congress passes the Neutrality Act, banning Americans from serving in the armed forces of foreign powers.

1794–British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti.

1798–Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer and womanizer, dies in Dux, Kingdom of Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire (Czech Republic), at age 73. In his final years, Casanova considered suicide, but instead decided that he must live on to record his memoirs, which he did until his death. His last words are said to have been "I have lived as a philosopher and I die as a Christian." The location of his grave is unknown.

1801–Minister and politician, Frederick Muhlenberg, dies in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, at age 51. He was the first Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

1802–Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clotilde of France, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.

1812–Following Louisiana's admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory is renamed the Missouri Territory.

1825–General Lafayette, a French officer in the American Revolutionary War, speaks at what would become Lafayette Square in Buffalo, New York, during his visit to the United States.

1855–Major Henry C. Wayne departs New York aboard the USS Supply to procure camels to establish the U.S. Camel Corps.

1859–During the Italian independence wars, in the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeat the Austrian army.

1860–Iowa's Commanche Tornado, with wind speeds estimated in excess of 300 mph, is one of the worst experienced by early settlers, causing nearly $1 million damage.

1862–In the American Civil War, Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.

1875–The Pacific Stock Exchange opens.

1876–An express train, called the Transcontinental Express, arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad, only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City.

1878–The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom, but retains nominal title.

1892–Abercrombie & Fitch is founded.

1892–The Sierra Club is incorporated in San Francisco, California.

1896–At age 32, Henry Ford makes the first successful test-run of an automobile.

1898–Henry Crosby is born in Boston, Massachusetts. He moved to Paris, France, after World War I and opened up The Black Sun Press, one of the first to publish works by authors such as Archibald MacLeish, D.H. Lawrence, and James Joyce.

1907–The automatic washer and dryer are introduced.

1907–Actress, (Catherine) Rosalind Russell, is born in Waterbury, Connecticut. She appeared in the films The Women, His Girl Friday, The Feminine Touch, My Sister Eileen, Sister Kenny, Mourning Becomes Electra, Picnic, Auntie Mame, A Majority of One, Five Finger Exercise, Gypsy, The Trouble with Angels, Oh Dad Poor Dad Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad, Rosie!, and Mrs. Pollifax–Spy.

1910–Engineer, Christopher Cockerell, is born in Cambridge, England. He invented the hovercraft.

1912–Massachusetts becomes the first state in the U.S. to set a minimum wage.

1913–Suffragette, Emily Davison, runs out in front of King George V's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled, never regains consciousness, and dies four days later.

1916–Russia opens the Brusilov Offensive with an artillery barrage of Austro-Hungarian lines in Galicia, during World War I.

1917–The “Most Excellent Order of British Empire” (MBE) is inaugurated by King George V, to recognize the efforts of the British people during World War I.

917–The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded. There are only four categories, as the others that had been specified in Joseph Pulitzer's bequest were phased in over the next few years. The winners are selected by the Columbia University trustees. These first prize winners receive $2,000. Reporting: Herbert Bayard Swope, of New York World, for articles which appeared October 10th, October 15th, and from November 4-22, 1916, inclusive, entitled, "Inside the German Empire"; Editorial Writing: The New York Tribune, for an editorial article on the first anniversary of the sinking of the Lusitania; History: Jean Jules Jusserand for With Americans of Past and Present Days (Scribner); Biography or Autobiography: Laura E. Richards and Maud Howe Elliott, assisted by Florence Howe Hall for Julia Ward Howe (Houghton).

917–Opera singer, Robert Merrill, is born Moishe Miller in Brooklyn, New York. During his career, he made 769 performances with The Metropolitan Opera. He was married to opera singer, Roberta Peters.

1919–The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment and sends it to the states for ratification. The amendment will grant women the right to vote.

1920–Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris, France.

1921–Rendezvous Park opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It is built at a cost of $2 million by the Boardwalk Company and is centrally located along the Boardwalk on a five-acre lot between the Ambassador and Ritz-Carlton Hotels. The park erected a $68,000 Fun House, a $22,000 Parker Carousel, an extra large Dodgem, a Uzzell Gyroplane, a Whip, an Aeroscope Aerial Ride, The Frolic, a Shooting Gallery, Shimmie Auto Ride, an Arcade with Skeeball, and The Magic Ride.

1924–Actor, (William) Dennis Weaver, is born in Joplin, Missouri. He is best known for the role of Chester on the TV Western Gunsmoke. He was President of the Screen Actors Guild (1973-1975). He commissioned architect, Michael Reynolds, to design and build him an Earthship home in Ridgway, Colorado, during the late 1980s, which incorporated recycled materials in its construction and featured advanced eco-technologies. He appeared in the films The Lawless Breed, The Bridges at Toko-Ri, Ten Wanted Men, Touch of Evil, Duel at Diablo, Way... Way Out, Gentle Giant, A Man Called Sledge, What’s the Matter with Helen?, Duel, Terror on the Beach, Cry for Justice, and Escape from Wildcat Canyon.

1926–Record breaker, Robert Earl Hughes, is born in Baylis, Illinois. He was, during his lifetime, the heaviest human being recorded in the history of the world. At the age of six, he weighed about 203 lbs., and by age 10, he weighed 377 lbs. At his heaviest, he weighed an estimated 1,069 lbs. His excessive weight was attributed to a malfunctioning pituitary gland.

1928–President of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin, is assassinated by Japanese agents.

1928–Ruth Westheimer, German-American author, sex therapist, and television personality, is born Karola Ruth Siegel in Wiesenfeld, Germany. She is best known as “Dr. Ruth.” Her first radio show, Sexually Speaking, was taped in an NBC Radio studio at 30 Rockefeller Center, NBC's radio and TV headquarters, on Thursday mornings at 11:00 a.m. for airing on Sunday nights at midnight. She became nationally known after several appearances on Late Night with David Letterman in the early 1980s. In less than two years, Dr. Ruth became a household name and was being heard on radio stations across the country.

1929–George Eastman demonstrates the first technicolor movie in Rochester, New York.

1930–Jazz singer, Morgana King, is born Maria Grazia Morgana Messina in Pleasantville, New York. Her repertoire contains more than 200 songs on more than 30 albums. She was married to jazz trumpeter, Tony Fruscella, and jazz trombonist, Willie Dennis.

1932–Edouard Herriot becomes Premier of France.

1932–Marmaduke Grove and other Chilean military officers lead a coup d'etat establishing the short-lived Socialist Republic of Chile.

1932–Actor, John Drew Barrymore, is born John Blyth Barrymore in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films The Sundowners, High Lonesome, While the City Sleeps, High School Confidential, The Centurion, and Baby Blue Marine. In the late 1970s, he left the Hollywood limelight and moved into the wilderness where he became a total recluse. He was a member of the Barrymore family of actors, which included his father, John Barrymore, and his father's siblings, Lionel and Ethel Barrymore. His daughter is actress, Drew Barrymore. He was married to actress, Cara Williams.

1936–Sylvan Goldman, owner of the Piggly-Wiggly supermarket chain, invents the shopping cart.

1936–Actor, Bruce (MacLeish) Dern, is born in Chicago, Illinois. He appeared in the films Wild River, Marnie, Hush... Hush Sweet Charlotte, The Wild Angels, The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, The Trip, Will Penny, Psych-Out, Hang ‘Em High, They Shoot Horses Don’t They?, The Incredible 2-Headed Transplant, Silent Running, The Great Gatsby, Coming Home, That Championship Season, 1969, Diggstown, All the Pretty Horses, Monster, The Lightkeepers, Django Unchained, and Nebraska. He was married to actress, Diane Ladd, and they are the parents of actress, Laura Dern.

1937–Country singer, Freddie Fender, is born Baldemar Garza Huerta in San Benito, Texas. He had hits with Before the Next Teardrop Falls and Wasted Days and Wasted Nights. He was also a part of the group The Texas Tornadoes.

1939–The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees from Germany, is denied permission to land at the coast of Florida, after already having been turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, most of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps.

1940–German military forces enter Paris, France.

1940–The Dunkirk evacuation ends as British forces complete evacuation of 338,000 troops from Dunkirk in France. To rally the morale of the country, Winston Churchill delivers, only to the House of Commons, his famous "We shall fight on the beaches" speech.

1941–The Republic of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z.

1941–German Emperor, Wilhelm II, dies of a pulmonary embolus in Doorn, Netherlands, at age 82. This was just weeks before the German invasion of the Soviet Union. He was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia until November 9, 1918, when he abdicated and and fled to exile in the Netherlands.

1942–During World War II, the Battle of Midway begins. Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

1942–Capitol Records is launched, and Glenn Wallichs has the idea of sending out promotional copies of records to radio announcers around the U.S.

1943–A military coup d'etat in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.

1944–Rome, Italy, falls to the Allies. It is the first Axis capital to fall in World War II.

1944–Michelle Phillips, of The Mamas and The Papas, is born Holly Michelle Gilliam in Long Beach, California. The vocal group’s hits include California Dreamin’ and Monday Monday. She appeared in the films Dillinger, The California Kid, Valentino, The Man with Bogart’s Face, American Anthem, and Let It Ride. She was married to musician, John Phillips, and their daughter is singer, Chynna Phillips. She was also married to actor, Dennis Hopper (for eight days).

1945–Gordon Waller, of Peter and Gordon, is born Gordon Trueman Riviere Waller in Braemar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. He teamed with Peter Asher in 1963, to form one of the most successful duos of the British Invasion. Their first three chart hits were written by Paul McCartney (who was dating Jane Asher, Peter’s sister). Those hits were World Without Love, Nobody I Know, and I Don’t Want To See You Again. One of their most memorable songs, is the dramatic, Woman (also written by Paul McCartney under the pseudonym of Bernard Webb).

1951–Actress, Janet Leigh, marries actor, Tony Curtis, in Greenwich, Connecticut.

1952–Actor, Parker Stevenson, is born Richard Stevenson Parker, Jr. in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is best known for his co-starring role on The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries series (1977-1979) on ABC-TV. He appeared in the films A Separate Peace, Our Time, Lifeguard, Stroker Ace, Not of This Earth, and McTaggart’s Fortune. He was married to actress, Kirstie Alley.

1953–Jimmy McCulloch, of Wings, is born in Dumbarton, Scotland. McCulloch joined Wings in August 1974, and his debut track with them was Junior's Farm. McCulloch composed the music score of the anti-drug song, Medicine Jar, on Wings' Venus and Mars album, and the similar, Wino Junko, on the band's Wings at the Speed of Sound album. His brother is drummer, Jack McCulloch.

1956–Rocker, Gene Vincent, makes his stage debut, performing in his hometown of Norfolk, Virginia.

1960–The Silver Beetles perform at the Grosvenor Ballroom, Liscard, Wallasey, Cheshire. The club is a violent place, where local youths often fight out their rivalries, bringing mayhem and bloody assaults to the dance floor.

1961–In the Vienna summit, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev sparks the Berlin Crisis by threatening to sign a separate peace treaty with East Germany, and ending American, British, and French access to East Berlin.

1961–Singer, El Debarge, is born Eldra Patrick DeBarge in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He was the primary lead singer of the family group, DeBarge, from the early to mid-1980s.

1962–The Beatles' recording contract with EMI/Parlophone bears this date. All that is lacking at this point is the final EMI signature, which is dependent upon the outcome of The Beatles' first visit to the studio on June 6th.

1964–The Beatles “World Tour” begins in Copenhagen, Denmark.

1965–Duane Earl Pope robs the Farmers' State Bank of Big Springs, Nebraska, killing three people execution-style and severely wounding a fourth person. The crime later puts him on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted list.

1966–Publisher, Blanche Knopf, dies in her sleep at age 73. She was the president of Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. and the wife of publisher Alfred Knopf, with whom she established the firm in 1915. The couple traveled the world seeking new authors, and Blanche was especially influential in having European and Latin American literature translated into English and published in the United States. She also worked closely with many American writers, including John Updike, Carl Van Vechten, Willa Cather, H.L. Mencken, and Dashiell Hammett.

1967–The 19th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: Mission Impossible; Best Comedy Series: The Monkees; Best Musical or Variety Series: The Andy Williams Show; Best Children’s Program: Jack and the Beanstalk; Best Actor: Bill Cosby; Best Actress: Barbara Bain; Best Comedy Actor: Don Adams; Best Comedy Actress: Lucille Ball. The ceremonies are held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles, California. The hosts are Joey Bishop and Hugh Downs.

1969–A chart topper: Dizzy by Tommy Roe.

1970–Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1970–The 43rd National Spelling Bee: Libby Childress wins, spelling croissant.

1970–Physician and politician, Donald Matheson Sutherland, dies in Canada, at age 90. He was the fifth Canadian Minister of National Defence.

1970–Actor and opera singer, Sonny Tufts, dies of pneumonia in Santa Monica, California, at age 58. He appeared in the films So Proudly We Hail, The Virginian, Cross My Heart, Glory at Sea, Cat-Women of the Moon, and The Seven Year Itch.

1971–Lawyer and politician, Mike Lee, is born Michael Shumway Lee in Mesa, Arizona. He is the junior U.S. Senator from Utah. Lee is a second cousin to former U.S. Senator Mark Udall of Colorado and current U.S. Senator Tom Udall of New Mexico, as well as former Senator Gordon H. Smith of Oregon. His brother, Thomas R. Lee, is a Justice on the Utah Supreme Court.

1971–Actor, Noah Wyle, is born Noah Strausser Speer Wyle in Hollywood, California. He is best known for the role of Dr. John Carter in the TV series ER. He appeared in the films A Few Good Men, Swing Kids, There Goes My Baby, Pirates of Silicon Valley, Scenes of the Crime, Donnie Darko, W., Nothing But the Truth, and An American Affair.

1972–Black activist, Angela Davis, is found not guilty of murder, kidnapping, and criminal conspiracy.

1973–The patent for the ATM (Automated Teller Machine) is granted to Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes, and George Chastain.

1973–Murry Wilson, father of Beach Boys Brian, Carl and Dennis Wilson, dies of a heart attack in Whittier, California, at age 55. Murray managed the group (with an iron hand) when it was first starting out in the early 1960s.

1974–The Cleveland Indians attempt an ill-advised 10¢ beer promotion for a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Municipal Stadium. Cleveland forfeits 9-0, after alcohol-fueled violence spreads from the stands onto the field.

1975–Governor Jerry Brown signs the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act into law, the first law in the U.S. giving farmworkers collective bargaining rights.

1975–The oldest animal fossils in America are discovered in North Carolina.

1975–Actress, Angelina Jolie, is born Angelina Jolie Voight in Los Angeles, California. She appeared in the films Cyborg 2, Hackers, Mojave Moon, Foxfire, Gia, Playing by Heart, Girl, Interrupted, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, Life or Something Like It, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, Changeling, Salt, and Maleficent. Her father is actor, Jon Voight. Her godparents are actress, Jacqueline Bisset, and actor, Maximilian Schell. She was married to actors Brad Pitt and Billy Bob Thornton.

1978–Radio personality, Howard Stern, marries Alison Berns at Temple Ohabei Shalom in Brookline, Massachusetts.

1979–Flight Lieutenant, Jerry Rawlings, takes power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Fred Akuffo is overthrown.

1980–John Lennon departs from Farmingdale Airport to Newport, Rhode Island, where he and three others board the sail boat, “Megan Jane,” that will take them to Bermuda. En route, their boat hits a major storm, during which John is the only crew member fit enough to take the helm. Afterwards, he excitedly tells friends that the experience has left him more “centered” within himself than he has been in a decade.

1980–Earle McAusland, publisher and editor of Gourmet magazine, dies at age 89.

1981–The 54th National Spelling Bee: Paige Pipkin wins, spelling sarcophagus.

1982–Four Iranian diplomats were kidnapped in Lebanon after being stopped at a check point in northern Lebanon by Lebanese Phalange forces. None of them has been seen since.

1983–After a four-month manhunt, Gordon Kahl, who killed two U.S. Marshals in Medina, North Dakota, is killed in a shootout in Smithville, Arkansas, along with a local sheriff.

1983–A chart topper: Every Breath You Take by The Police.

1983–Televison and film producer, Ivan Tors, dies in Mato Grosso, Brazil, at age 66. Among his TV programs are Sea Hunt, Flipper, Ripcord, Gentle Ben, and Daktari. His films include The Magnetic Monster, The Glass Wall, Riders to the Stars, Gog, Around the World Under the Sea, Birds Do It, Island of the Lost, and Hello Down There.

1984–DNA is successfully cloned from an extinct animal.

1986–Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret U.S. military intelligence to Israel. Pollard is the only American ever to receive a life sentence for passing classified information to an ally of the U.S.

1986–The producers of Broadway's Beatlemania are ordered to pay $10 million to The Beatles' Apple Corps Ltd., because the show is deemed too much like the original Fab Four.

1988–Three cars on a train carrying hexogen to Kazakhstan explode in Arzamas, Gorky Oblast, USSR, killing 91 people and injuring about 1,500 others.

1989–After the death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Ali Khamenei is elected the new Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Assembly of Experts.

1989–A Beijing cop shoots and wounds Chinese Premier, Li Ping.

1989–The Tiananmen Square protests are violently ended in Beijing by the People's Liberation Army, with at least 241 dead.

1989–A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, kills 575 people as two trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline.

1990–The Greyhound Bus Line files for bankruptcy.

1990–Actor, Jack Gilford, dies of stomach cancer in New York, New York, at age 82. He appeared in the films Mister Buddwing, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, Enter Laughing, Who’s Minding the Mint?, The Incident, Catch-22, Save the Tiger, Wholly Moses!, Caveman, and Cocoon.

1992–The "Young Elvis" stamp beats out the "Vegas Elvis" stamp in a contest conducted by the U.S. Postal Service. More than a million votes are tallied and “Elvis '57” won with 851,000 votes.

1992–Businessman, Carl Stotz, dies in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, at age 82. He founded Little League Baseball.

1994–Derek “Lek” Leckenby, of Herman’s Hermits, dies of non-Hodgkins lymphoma in Manchester, England, at age 51. The group had hits with There's a Kind of Hush and Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter.

1997–Ronnie Lane, of rock groups Small Faces and Faces, dies of multiple sclerosis in Trinidad, Colorado, at age 51.

1998–Domestic terrorist, Terry Nichols, is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.

1999–An exhibition of Dezo Hoffman’s historic photographs of The Beatles opens at the Park West Gallery in Southfield, Michigan.

2000–A 7.9 earthquake in southern Sumatera, Indonesia, results in at least 103 deaths and 2,174 injures.

2000–Producer-director, James Cameron, marries actress, Suzy Amis, in Malibu, California.

2001–Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascends to the throne after the massacre in the Royal Palace.

2001–Musician, John Hartford, dies of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 63. He was an American folk, country, and bluegrass composer and musician known for his mastery of the fiddle and banjo. He is best known as a regular on the variety shows The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour and The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour. He had his first major songwriting hit with Gentle On My Mind. His recording of the song was only a modest success, but it caught the notice of Glen Campbell, who recorded his own version, which became a hit.

2004–Saxophonist, Steve Lacy, dies of cancer at age 69. He is recognized as one of the important players of jazz soprano saxophone. Coming to prominence in the 1950s as a progressive dixieland musician, Lacy went on to a long and prolific career. He worked extensively in experimental jazz and to a lesser extent in free improvisation.

2007–Vincent Sardi, Jr., owner of the famous Broadway restaurant, Sardi's, dies. Melchiore Pio Vincenzo "Vincent" Sardi, Sr. was the originator of the restaurant, which opened on March 5, 1927. The restaurant became known as a pre- and post-theater hangout, as well as a location for opening night parties. Movies that have filmed scenes in Sardi's include Forever Female, The Country Girl, But Not for Me, Please Don’t Eat the Daisies, Critic’s Choice, No Way to Treat a Lady, The Fan, Author! Author!, The King of Comedy, Radio Days, Naked in New York, and The Producers.

2010–Falcon 9 Flight 1 is the maiden flight of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, launching from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40.

2010–83rd National Spelling Bee: Anamika Veeramani wins, spelling stromuhr.

2012–A car bomb in central Baghdad, Iraq, kills 26 people and injures 190 others.

2012–The Diamond Jubilee Concert is held outside Buckingham Palace on The Mall in London, England. The concert was part of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. The Queen arrived for the concert at 9:00 p.m. but Prince Charles and other members of the Royal Family attended the entire concert. Performers included Robbie Williams, Cliff Richard, Jools Holland, Grace Jones, Ed Sheeran, Annie Lennox, Tom Jones, Shirley Bassey, Elton John, Stevie Wonder, and Paul McCartney.

2012–Herb Reed, of The Platters, dies of heart disease in a hospice in Boston, Massachusetts, at age 84. He was the only member of The Platters who sang on all of the approximately 400 songs recorded by the group. His vocals can be heard on The Platters' biggest hits, including Smoke Gets in Your Eyes, The Great Pretender, Twilight Time, and My Prayer.

2013–Joey Covington, drummer for Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna, dies in an automobile accident in Palm Springs, California, at age 67. He slammed into a retaining wall after losing control of his car at a curve in the road. According to Palm Springs Police, alcohol and drugs were not involved in the accident.

2014–American soldier, Chester Nez, dies of kidney failure in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at age 93. He was a veteran of World War II and the last original Navajo code talker who served in the U.S. Marine Corps. In 2001, Nez was one of the five living code talkers who received the Congressional Gold Medal from President George W. Bush.

2015–Former child actress, Kim Richards, is fired from the Bravo series The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills. Due to a recent relapse with her battle with alcoholism and drug abuse at her daughter’s wedding, she will face two to three years in jail upon her release from rehab.

2015–An explosion at a gasoline station in Accra, Ghana, kills over 200 people.

2015–Typeface designer and calligrapher, Hermann Zapf, dies in Darmstadt, Germany, at age 96. His typefaces include Melior, Optima, Palatino, Zapf Book, Zapf Chancery, and Zapf Dingbats.

2017–SpaceX launches a Falcon 9 rocket with a shipment of food and supplies in a refurbished Dragon cargo capsule for the International Space Station.

2017–At least seven people are killed and 48 others are injured in an attack in London, England, by a hit-and-run vehicle on London Bridge, followed by knife attacks at Borough Market. The three attackers are killed by of the Metropolitan Police.

2017–Actor, Roger Smith, dies from complications of Parkinson's disease in Sherman Oaks, California, at age 87. He is best known for the role of private invesigator Jeff Spencer on the popular 1960s TV show 77 Sunset Strip. He appeared in the films Man of a Thousand Faces, Operation Mad Ball, No Time to Be Young, Crash Landing, Auntie Mame, Never Steal Anything Small, and For Those Who Think Young.

2018–The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) announces the arrest of an employee of the Defense Intelligence Agency whom they have charged with spying on the behalf of China.

2018–Microsoft announces that it is acquiring code repository GitHub for $7.5 billion in stock, pending regulatory review.

2018–Starbucks Executive Chairman and former CEO, Howard Schultz, retires from the company.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Roquefort cheese; Canonicus Grand Chief Sachem; Giacomo Casanova; the Transcontinental Express; Rosalind Russell, the Pulitzer Prize; Rendezvous Park in Atlantic City, New Jersey; Robert Earl Hughes with his brothers; John Drew Barrymore; Freddy Fender; the Capitol Records logo; Janet Leigh and Tony Curtis on their wedding day; The Silver Beetles; Blanche Knopf; Sonny Tufts; Murry Wilson; Angelina Jolie; one of the casts of Beatlemania; Jack Gilford; a Dezo Hoffman photo shoot with The Beatles; Sardi's logo; and Chester Nez.

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