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2009–The “King of Pop,” Michael Jackson, dies of cardiac arrest in Los Angeles, California, at age 50. He began his career as the youngest member of The Jackson 5, singing lead on the hit songs I Want You Back, ABC, The Love You Save, I’ll Be There, Never Can Say Goodbye, and Ben. He went on to a solo career with the huge hits Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough, Rock with You, Off the Wall, She’s Out of My Life, Billie Jean, Beat It, Thriller, Bad, The Way You Make Me Feel, Man in the Mirror, and Black or White. For much of his career, he had an "unparalleled" level of worldwide influence over the younger generation through his musical and humanitarian contributions.



253–Pope St. Lucius I begins his reign.

524–The Franks are defeated by the Burgundians in the Battle of Vézeronce.

635–Emperor Gaozu, the first Emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, dies at age 69.

841–In the Battle of Fontenay-en-Puisaye, forces led by Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat the armies of Lothair I of Italy and Pepin II of Aquitaine.

1134–King Niels of Denmark dies of murder by an angry mob in Schleswig, Germany, at age 68.

1373–Joanna II of Naples is born in Zara, Dalmatia (present-day Zadir, Croatia). As a mere formality, she used the title of Queen of Jerusalem, Sicily, and Hungary.

1483–Edward V, King of England, disappears and is murdered on the orders of his uncle, King Richard, at age 13.

1530–The Augsburg Confession is presented to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany at the Diet of Augsburg.

1533–Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England, dies in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England, at age 37.

1580–The Book of Concord, with the standards of the Lutheran Church, is published.

1658–Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Rio Nuevo during the Anglo-Spanish War.

1678–Venetian, Elena Cornaro Piscopia, is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduates from the University of Padua.

1741–Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Hungary.

1755–Natalia Alexeievna of Russia is born Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt in Prenzlau, Brandenburg, Prussia. She was the first wife of the future Tsar Paul I of Russia.

1767–German baroque composer, Georg Philipp Telemann, dies of a chest ailment in Hamburg, Germany, at age 86. He was a very prolific composer and was considered by his contemporaries to be one of the leading German composers of the time: compared favorably both to his friends Johann Sebastian Bach and to George Frideric Handel.

1786–Gavriil Pribylov discovers St. George Island (of the Pribilof Islands) in the Bering Sea.

1788–The Virginia colony (including Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America), becomes the 10th state of the United States of America.

1852–Architect, Antoni Gaudi, is born in Reus, Catalan, Spain. Gaudi's passionate, organic style would ultimately transcend the Modernista movement of the time. He became well known for his integration of ceramics and stained glass into his architectural designs, and his use of waste ceramic pieces, now known as trencadis. His masterpiece, the incomplete Sagrada Família, is the most-visited monument in Spain, and seven of his works have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Gaudi was a devout Roman Catholic, whose faith increased over his lifetime. In his works are found many religious references. This, as well as the stunning beauty of his works, earned him the moniker "God's Architect" and calls for his beatification.

1857–Novelist, Gustave Flaubert, goes on trial in Paris, France, for publishing a morally offensive work, Madame Bovary. He will be acquitted.

1867–Barbed wire is patented by Lucien B. Smith of Kent, Ohio.

1876–The Battle of Little Big Horn is fought. General George Armstrong Custer and his force of about 300 men are up against approximately 4,000 Sioux Indians, led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull. Custer, who led the battle against the Sioux Indian encampment, was among the 200+ casualties.

1887–George Abbott, playwright-actor-producer, is born in Forestville, New York. He had a huge Broadway hit with the stage show Damn Yankees. Among his other productions are Too Many Girls, Pal Joey, On the Town, Call Me Madame, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, The Pajama Game, Once Upon a Mattress, and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.

1894–Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-1894), dies in Lyon, France, at age 56. He was stabbed on June 24th by Italian anarchist, Sante Geronimo Caserio.

1900–The Taoist monk, Wang Yuanlu, discovers the Dunhuang manuscripts (a cache of ancient texts that are of great historical and religious significance) in the Mogao Caves of Dunhuang, China.

1900–Radical writer and editor, V.F. Calverton, is born in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1923, Calverton founded the magazine Modern Quarterly, in which he published the work of black writers and intellectuals, including Zora Neal Hurston and Langston Hughes. He lived in Greenwich Village, and wrote many books including Sex, Expression and Literature and The Bankruptcy of Marriage.

1900–Admiral and politician, Louis Mountbatten, is born Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Battenberg in Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was the first Earl Mountbatten of Burma and 44th Governor-General of India.

1902–Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu of Japan, is born at the Aoyama Detached Palace in Tokyo, Japan.

1903–Chemist, Marie Curie, announces the discovery of radium, for which she will later win the Nobel Prize.

1903–Novelist, George Orwell, is born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal Presidency, British India. He moved to England as a child and went off to prep school, where he was looked down upon by both his headmaster and his wealthy peers. Because of that experience, Orwell concerned himself with the lives and the struggles of the poor. He lived in poverty for more than a year, and wrote an account of his experiences in Down and Out in Paris and London. He is best known as the author of Animal Farm and 1984.

1906–Architect, Stanford White, is murdered by millionaire, Harry Kendall Thaw, at age 52. White had been engaging in an affair with Thaw's wife, actress, Evelyn Nesbit. White was a partner in the preeminent Beaux-Arts architectural firms.

1910–The U.S. Congress passes the Mann Act, which prohibits interstate transport of females for “immoral purposes.”

1910–The first performance of The Firebird, a ballet by Russian composer, Igor Stravinsky, takes place in Paris, France.

1913–American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913 at the Gettysburg National Military Park in Pennsylvania. A total of 53,407 veterans attended the seven-day event.

1923–Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH.4B biplane.

1924–Film director, Sidney (Arthur) Lumet, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His films include 12 Angry Men, That Kind of Woman, The Fugitive Kind, Long Day’s Journey into Night, The Pawnbroker, Fail-Safe, The Group, The Anderson Tapes, Serpico, Murder on the Orient Express, Dog Day Afternoon, Network, Equus, Deathtrap, The Verdict, The Morning After, Running on Empty, and Family Business. He was married to actress, Rita Gam, and socialite, Glorida Vanderbilt.

1925–Musician, Clifton Chenier, is born in Opelousas, Louisiana. He was an eminent accordian player and recording artist of Zydeco, which arose from Cajun and Creole music, with R&B, jazz, and blues influences.

1925–Actress, June Lockhart, is born in New York, New York. She is best known for her roles on the TV shows Lassie and Lost in Space. She appeared in the films Adam Had Four Sons, Sergeant York, Meet Me in St. Louis, Strange Invaders, Troll, Sleep with We, and Lost in Space. Her father was actor, Gene Lockhart.

1928–Author and illustrator, Peyo, is born Pierre Culliford in Brussels, Belgium. He created The Smurfs.

1931–Politician, V.P. Singh, is born Vishwanath Pratap Singh in Allahabad, United Provinces, British India (present-day Uttar Pradesh, India). He was the seventh Prime Minister of India.

1932–Artist, Peter (Thomas) Blake, is born in Dartford, Kent, England. He is an English pop artist, best known for co-creating the sleeve design for The Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.

1935–Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Colombia are established.

1935–Soul singer, Eddie (Lee) Floyd, is born in Montgomery, Alabama. He had a bit hit with Knock on Wood.

1936–Engineer and politician, B.J. Habibie, is born Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie in Parepare, South Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies. He was the third President of Indonesia.

1936–Harold Melvin, of Harold Melvin and The Blue Notes, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Teddy Pendergrass was also a member of the group. Their biggest hit was If You Don’t Know Me By Now.

1937–Actor, Colin Clive, dies of tuberulocis in Hollywood, California, at age 37. He is best known for the role of Dr. Frankenstein in the films Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein. He appeared in the films Lily Christine, Christopher Strong, Looking Forward, The Key, Jane Eyre, Clive of India, The Right to Live, Mad Love, The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo, History is Made at Night, and The Woman I Love.

1937–Keizo Obuchi, 84th Prime Minister of Japan, is born in Nakanojo, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

1938–Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.

1938–A chart topper: A Tisket, A Tasket by Ella Fitzgerald.

1938–The Federal Minimum Wage Law guarantees workers 40¢ per hour.

1940–During World War II, France officially surrenders to Germany.

1940–Clint Warwick, of The Moody Blues, is born Albert Eccles in Aston, Birmingham, England. Warwick left the band and his music career in 1966, to become a carpenter and spend time with his family.

1943–Jews in the Czestochowa Ghetto in Poland stage an uprising against the Nazis.

1944–The final page of the comic “Krazy Kat” is published. Its author, George Herriman, had died exactly two months earlier.

1944–Screenwriter and producer, Gary David Goldberg, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He was best known for his work on the TV shows Family Ties and Spin City.

1945–Singer-songwriter, Carly Simon, is born in New York, New York. She started her singing career with her sister (The Simon Sisters) in the mid-1960s. Carly’s hits include That’s the Way I Always Heard it Would Be, Anticipation, You’re So Vain, and Nobody Does It Better (from the James Bond movie The Spy Who Loved Me). She won the "Best New Artist" Grammy in 1971. Her father co-founded the publishing house of Simon & Schuster. She was married to singer, James Taylor.

1946–Allen (Glover) Lanier, of Blue Oyster Cult, is born in Long Island, New York.

1946–Ian McDonald, of Foreigner, is born in Osterley, Middlesex, England. He is well known as a rock session musician, predominantly as a saxophonist.

1947–Comedian-actor, Jimmie Walker, is born James Carter Walker in the Bronx, New York. He is best known for the role of JJ on the TV series Good Times, where he orignated the catch phrase “Dy-no-mite!” He appeared in the films Let’s Do It Again, Rabbit Test, The Concorde... Airport ‘79, Airplane!, Doin’ Time, Stiffs, Kidnapped, Going Bananas, and Super Shark.

1948–The Berlin airlift begins. Thirty-two C-47s lifted off for Berlin hauling 80 tons of cargo, including milk, flour, and medicine. The Soviets had cut off all supplies, including food and water to Berlin.

1948–Actor, Michael Lembeck, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He is best known for the role of Max on the TV sitcom One Day at a Time. He also appeared in the TV shows Major Dad, Everybody Loves Raymond, Mad About You, Friends, and Baby Daddy. He is the son of actor, Harvey Lembeck.

1949–Billboard magazine renames its “Hillbilly” chart the “Country & Western” chart.

1949–Actress, Brenda Sykes, is born in Shreveport, Louisiana. She appeared in the films Pretty Maids All in a Row, Skin Game, Cleopatra Jones, Mandingo, and Drum.

1950–The Korean War begins when North Korea invades South Korea.

1950–The Korean War begins when North Korea invades South Korea. The United Nations Security Council Resolution 82, relating to Korean War, is adopted.

1951–The first regular commercial color TV transmissions are aired by CBS from New York, despite the fact that color TV sets have yet to go on sale to the public.

1954–David (Frank) Paich, of the bands Steely Dan and Toto, is born in Los Angeles, California. His father was jazz musician-arranger, Marty Paich.

1954–Judge, Sonia (Maria) Sotomayor, is born in the Bronx, New York. She is an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, serving since August 2009.

1956–Chef and writer, Anthony (Michael) Bourdain, is born in New York, New York. He is a 1978 graduate of the Culinary Institute of America, and a veteran of numerous professional kitchens, including a stint of many years as executive chef at Brasserie Les Halles. In 2005, he began hosting the Travel Channel's culinary and cultural program Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations. Beginning in 2013, he appeared as a judge and mentor in the TV cooking competition show The Taste.

1960–Two cryptographers working for the U.S. National Security Agency leave for a vacation to Mexico: from there, they defected to the Soviet Union.

1961–Comedian-actor, Ricky (Dene) Gervais, is born in Reading, England. He is best known for his role on the TV series The Office. He appeared in the films Dog Eat Dog, Valiant, For Your Consideration, Night at the Museum, Stardust, and Ghost Town.

1962–The Beatles appear at the Plaza Ballroom, St. Helens, Lancashire, England, receiving a fee of £25. Brian Epstein, wanting The Beatles to put on a good show, tells them that the promotion company controls 16 venues, even though he is aware that 13 of them are exclusively operated for bingo.

1963–Singer, George Michael, is born Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou in East Finchley, London, England. Michael rose to superstardom during the 1980s and 1990s with the duo Wham!: a style of post-disco dance-pop, which produced the hit Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go. He went on to a solo career and had hits with Careless Whisper and Faith.

1963–Comedian-actor, Mike Myers, is born Michael John Myers in Scarborough, Ontario, Canada. He was succesful with his Wayne's World movies, which spun off from his stint on Saturday Night Live. But he is best known for the Austin Powers film trilogy. He also appeared in the films So I Married an Axe Murderer, 54, The Thin Pink Line, Mystery, Alaska, View from the Top, The Love Guru, and Inglourious Basterds.

1964–New York radio station WMCA plays the entirety of The Beatles' A Hard Day's Night album 10 days before it is due to be available in stores. The record company rush-releases the album the next day.

1966–A chart topper: Paperback Writer by The Beatles.

1967–In Studio One, EMI Studios, The Beatles perform All You Need Is Love for the “Our World” worldwide television broadcast, the live performance seen via satellite by 400 million people on five continents. Guests in attendance include Mick Jagger, Marianne Faithfull, Keith Richard, Keith Moon, Eric Clapton, Jane Asher, Pattie Harrison, Mike McCartney, Graham Nash, and Beatles biographer, Hunter Davies. The Beatles are appearing as representatives of the United Kingdom; other countries providing broadcast segments are Denmark, Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain, Sweden, Tunisia, the USA, and West Germany. Several communist countries had agreed to participate, but then pulled out a few days before the broadcast. Countries carrying the broadcast without providing segments for the program are Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Luxembourg, Monaco, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia. In the United States, the program is carried on the NET (National Educational Television) network to its 113 affiliate stations. A print of the historic “Our World” broadcast will later be deposited with the United Nations for posterity, where it remains today.

1970–The band, Whole Oats, a duo consisting of Philadelphians Daryl Hall and John Oates, goes into the studio to record their first demos. They would later morph into the popular group Hall & Oates.

1972–Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina.

1975–Mozambique achieves independence.

1976–Missouri Governor Kit Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

1976–Songwriter, Johnny Mercer, dies of a brain tumor in Hollywood, California, at age 66. He wrote the lyrics for a number of award winning songs, including Hooray for Hollywood, Fools Rush In, Blues in the Night, Skylark, That Old Black Magic, One for My Baby and One More for the Road, Come Rain or Come Shine, Autumn Leaves, Moon River, Days of Wine and Roses, and Summer Wind. He was also the founder of Capitol Records.

1977–Olave Baden-Powell, scout leader, dies of diabetes in Bramley, Surrey, England, at age 88. She founded the Girl Guides. As well as making a major contribution to the development of the Guide-Girl Scout movements, she visited 111 countries during her life, attending Jamborees and national Guide and Scout associations.

1978–The rainbow flag representing gay pride is flown for the first time in the Gay Freedom Day Parade in San Francisco, California.

1978–Actor, Barry Brown, dies of suicide in his home in Silverlake, California, at age 27. He appeared in the films Halls of Anger, The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid, Bad Company, Premonition, Daisy Miller, The Ulimate Thrill, and Piranha.

1981–Microsoft, Inc. is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.

1982–Greece abolishes headshaving of recruits in the military.

1982–Porn star, John Holmes, is acquitted on murder charges.

1984–Prince's Purple Rain LP sells a record-setting 1.3 million copies in the first 24 hours after it is released.

1985–Actor Mark Lindsay is dropped from the role of John Lennon for the NBC-TV movie John and Yoko: A Love Story, when it is learned that Lindsay's real name is the same as that of Lennon's murderer.

1987–Songwriter, Boudleaux Bryant, dies at age 67. He and his wife, Felice Bryant, wrote many popular songs in the 1950s, including Rocky Top, Love Hurts, and a string of hugely successful songs for The Everly Brothers, which include Bye Bye Love, Wake Up, Little Susie, All I Have to Do is Dream, Bird Dog, and Devoted to You. Boudleaux Bryant is the third most successful songwriter of the 1950s on the U.K. Singles chart.

1988–Musician, Hillel Slovak, dies of a heroin overdose in Hollywood, California, at age 26. He was the original guitarist for the Red Hot Chili Peppers.

1991–Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.

1992–Architect, Sir James Frazer Stirling, dies of complications arising from hernia surgery. Frazer had been knighted just three days before entering the hospital. Much criticized during his lifetime, his work found acceptance among its critics following his death. In 1996, a British annual prize for architecture was established which was named after Stirling.

1993–Kim Campbell is sworn in as the first female Prime Minister of Canada.

1993–The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action is adopted by World Conference on Human Rights.

1995–Three people are struck by lightning at a Grateful Dead concert in Washington, D.C.

1996–The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.

1997–An unmanned Progress spacecraft collides with the Russian space station Mir.

1997–Actress, Lauren Holly, divorces actor-comedian, Jim Carrey due to irreconcilable differences after nine months of marriage.

1997–Singer, Jacquie Lee, is born Jacqueline Ann Lee in Colts Neck, New Jersey. She is best known for being the runner-up of Season 5 of NBC-TV's singing competition The Voice in 2013. She was a member of Christina Aguilera's team and as a solo artist is signed to Atlantic Records.

1997–Oceanographer, Jacques Cousteau, dies of a heart attack in Paris, France, at age 87. He was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author, and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the Aqua-Lung, pioneered marine conservation, and was a member of the Académie française.

1998–In Clinton vs. City of New York, the U.S. Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.

1999–The 53rd NBA Championship: The San Antonio Spurs beat the New York Knicks, 4 games to 1.

2006–Record producer, Arif Mardin, dies of pancreatic cancer in New York, New York, at age 74. He worked at Atlantic Records for over 30 years, as both an assistant, producer, arranger, studio manager, and vice president, before moving to EMI and serving as vice president and general manager of Manhattan Records.

2009–Actress, Farrah Fawcett, dies of cancer in Santa Monica, California, at age 62. She is best known for her co-starring role on the TV action series Charlie’s Angels. During that time, she was featured on an iconic poster that sold a record-breaking 20 million copies. She appeared in the films Logan’s Run, Somebody Killed Her Husband, Sunburn, Saturn 3, The Cannonball Run, Extremities, See You in the Morning, The Apostle, and Dr. T & the Women.

2009–The “King of Pop,” Michael Jackson, dies of cardiac arrest in Los Angeles, California, at age 50. He began his career as the youngest member of The Jackson 5, singing lead on the hit songs I Want You Back, ABC, The Love You Save, I’ll Be There, Never Can Say Goodbye, and Ben. He went on to a solo career with the huge hits Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough, Rock with You, Off the Wall, She’s Out of My Life, Billie Jean, Beat It, Thriller, Bad, The Way You Make Me Feel, Man in the Mirror, and Black or White. For much of his career, he had an "unparalleled" level of worldwide influence over the younger generation through his musical and humanitarian contributions.

2009–Sky Saxon, of The Seeds, dies of heart and renal failure due to and infection in Austin, Texas, at age 71. The Seeds’ biggest hit was Pushin’ Too Hard.

2010–Julia Gillard assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.

2012–Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, dies.

2013–Former Italian Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, is found guilty of abusing his power and having sex with an underage prostitute, and is sentenced to seven years in prison.

2013–Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani becomes the eighth Emir of Qatar.

2014–The TV series, Big Brother, becomes the last American prime-time network series to convert to a high-definition (HD) format. This is the end result of a massive three-year technical upgrade of the show's fixed and robotic cameras and post-production facilities at CBS Studio Center in Studio City, California.

2015–Actor, Patrick Macnee, dies in Rancho Mirage, California, at age 93. He is best known for the role of secret agent John Steed in the TV series The Avengers. He appeared in the films A Christmas Carol, Les Girls, The Sea Wolves, The Howling, Young Doctors in Love, This Is Spinal Tap, and A View to a Kill.

2016–Diplomats from Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg meet in Berlin, Germany, to discuss the consequences of the United Kingdom voting to leave the European Union.

2016–The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) urges its supporters in Indonesia and Malaysia to go to the Philippines and fight against newly-elected President Rodrigo Duterte.

2016–Five new species of orchids are discovered in the Philippines.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Emperor Gaozu of the Tang Dynasty; Elena Cornaro Piscopia; Antoni Gaudi's architecture; George Abbott; Marie Curie; Sidney Lumet; Colin Clive; Carly Simon; David Paich; George Michael; John Lennon singing All You Need Is Love for the “Our World” worldwide television broadcast; Johnny Mercer; Boudleaux Bryant and his wife, Felice; Jacques Cousteau; Michael Jackson; and Patrick Macnee.

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