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1906–Director and screenwriter, Billy Wilder, is born Samuel Wilder in Sucha, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (present-day Sucha Beskidzka, Poland). His films include The Major and the Minor, Double Indemnity, The Lost Weekend, A Foreign Affair, Sunset Boulevard, Ace in the Hole, Stalag 17, Sabrina, The Seven Year Itch, The Spirit of St. Louis, Love in the Afternoon, Some Like It Hot, The Apartment, Irma la Douce, and The Fortune Cookie.



BC 217–Ptolemy IV, Philopator of Egypt, defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid Kingdom.

BC 168–Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat Macedonian King Perseus, who surrenders after the battle, ending the Third Macedonian War.

662–Emperor Ruizong of Tang is born. He was the fifth and ninth Emperor of Tang Dynasty.

813–In the Battle of Versinikia, the Bulgars led by Krum defeat the Byzantine army near Edirne. Emperor Michael I is forced to abdicate in favor of Leo V the Armenian.

916–Syrian ruler, Sayf al-Dawla, is born Ali ibn Abdallah ibn Hamdan Sayf al-Dawla al-Taghlibi in Syria.

1276–Pope Innocent V dies in Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire, at age 36.

1377–Richard II succeeds Edward III as King of England.

1527–Fatahillah expels Portuguese forces from Sunda Kelapa, now regarded as the foundation of Jakarta.

1593–Allied Christian troops defeat the Ottomans.

1622–Portuguese forces repel a Dutch invasion at the Battle of Macau during the Dutch-Portuguese War.

1633–The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.

1691–Ottoman sultan, Suleiman II, dies at Edirne Palace in Turkey, at age 49.

1772–Slavery is outlawed in England.

1774–The British pass the Quebec Act, setting out rules of governance for the colony of Quebec in British North America.

1783–The poisonous cloud from the Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre, France.

1792–George Vancouver begins surveying the Pacific Coast from San Francisco, California, to Vancouver Island.

1813–After learning of American plans for a surprise attack on Beaver Dams in Ontario, Canada, Laura Secord sets out on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon.

1825–The British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.

1832–John Howe patents a pin manufacturing machine.

1839–Cherokee leaders, Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot, are assassinated for signing the Treaty of New Echota, which had resulted in the Trail of Tears.

1846–American folk character, Tom Dooley, is born Thomas C. Dula (Tom Dula) in Wilkes County, North Carolina. The Kingston Trio recorded a hit version of the song Tom Dooley in 1958. Michael Landon portrayed Dula in the movie The Legend of Tom Dooley.

1847–The doughnut is created.

1857–Queen Victoria officially opens London's Victoria and Albert Museum. The museum was planned following the success of Prince Albert's pet project, the Great Exhibition of 1851. The museum would become the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design. Today, the museum has 145 galleries and covers 12.5 acres. Its collection of over 4.5 million pieces spans 5,000 years of art history.

1870–The U.S. Congress creates the Department of Justice.

1874–Dr. Andrew T. Sill, of Macon, Missouri, discovers the science of Osteopathy.

1897–British colonial officers, Charles Walter Rand and Lt. Charles Egerton Ayerst, are assassinated in Pune, Maharashtra, India, by the Chapekar brothers and Mahadeo Vinayak Ranade, who are later caught and hanged.

1898–United States Marines land in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.

1899–Richard Gurley Drew is born in Saint Paul, Minnesota. He invented masking and cellophane tapes. He worked for Johnson and Johnson, Permacel Co., and 3M Company.

1903–Gangster, John (Herbert) Dillinger, is born in Indianapolis, Indiana. He was an American bank robber in Depression-era America. His gang robbed 24 banks and four police stations. The government demanded federal action, and J. Edgar Hoover developed a more sophisticated Federal Bureau of Investigation as a weapon against organized crime and used Dillinger and his gang as his campaign platform to launch the FBI.

1906–The flag of Sweden is adopted.

1906–Writer and aviator, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, is born Anne Spencer Morrow in Englewood, New Jersey. Lindbergh's popular, inspirational book, Gift from the Sea, reflected on the lives of American women. She married fellow aviator, Charles Lindbergh. Together they explored and charted air routes between the continents, and the Lindberghs were the first to fly from Africa to South America, and to explore polar air routes from North America to Asia and Europe.

1906–Director and screenwriter, Billy Wilder, is born Samuel Wilder in Sucha, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (present-day Sucha Beskidzka, Poland). His films include The Major and the Minor, Double Indemnity, The Lost Weekend, A Foreign Affair, Sunset Boulevard, Ace in the Hole, Stalag 17, Sabrina, The Seven Year Itch, The Spirit of St. Louis, Love in the Afternoon, Some Like It Hot, The Apartment, Irma la Douce, and The Fortune Cookie.

1907–The London Underground's Charing Cross, Euston, and Hampstead Railway opens.

1909–Film executive, Michael Todd, is born Avrom Hirsch Goldbogen in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is best known for the 1956 production of Around the World in 80 Days, which won an Academy Award for Best Picture. In 1950, Todd formed Cinerama with broadcaster, Lowell Thomas, and inventor, Fred Waller. The company was created to exploit the widescreen film process created by Waller that used three film projectors to create a giant composite image on a curved screen. The first Cinerama feature, This is Cinerama, was released in September 1952. However, Todd left the Cinerama Company to develop a widescreen process which would eliminate some of Cinerama's flaws. The result was the Todd-AO process, designed by the American Optical Company. The process was first used commercially for the successful film adaptation of Oklahoma! in 1955. He was the third of Elizabeth Taylor's seven husbands and is the only one she did not divorce.

1911–George V is crowned King of England, succeeding his father, Edward VII.

1918–The Hammond Circus Train Wreck kills 86 people and injures 127 others near Hammond, Indiana.

1921–Choreographer, Gower (Carlyle) Champion, is born in Geneva, Illinois. His films include Rhapsody in Blue, Till the Clouds Roll By, Words and Music, Show Boat, Lovely to Look At, Everything I Have Is Yours, Give a Girl a Break, Jupiter’s Darling, Three for the Show, and Star! He was married to actress Marjorie Celeste Belcher: the two worked together as Marge & Gower Champion.

1921–Theatrical producer, Joseph Papp, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He founded New York's renowned Public Theater and the “Shakespeare in the Park” series in Central Park in New York City.

1922–Nineteen strikebreakers and three union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.

1922–Fashion designer, Bill Blass, is born William Ralph Blass in Ft. Wayne, Indiana. Blass would create numerous fashion lines which would ultimately become a $700-million-a-year business. He was the recipient of numerous fashion awards, including seven Coty Awards and the Fashion Institute of Technology's Lifetime Achievement Award.

1928–Actor, Ralph Waite, is born in White Plains, New York. He is best known for the role of patriarch John Walton on the TV series The Waltons. He appeared in the films Cool Hand Luke, Five Easy Pieces, The Magnificent Seven Ride, The Stone Killer, and The Bodyguard.

1933–British poster artist, Tony Booth, is born in Merseyside, Liverpool, England. He is best known as the original poster artist for The Beatles and other bands in the Merseybeat era. He created hundreds of hand-lettered posters that have become collector’s items, as over the decades very few of Booth's 1960s original posters have survived.

1933–Politician, Dianne Feinstein, is born Dianne Emiel Goldman in San Francisco, California. She is the senior U.S. Senator from California. A member of the Democratic Party, she has served in the Senate since 1992. She also served as 38th Mayor of San Francisco, California, from 1978 to 1988.

1934–Gangster, John Dillinger, is informally named America's first “Public Enemy Number One.”

1936–Singer-songwriter, Kris Kristofferson, is born Kristoffer Kristofferson in Brownsville, Texas. He is a musician, actor, and former soldier. His hits include Me and Bobby McGee, For the Good Times, Sunday Mornin' Comin' Down, and Help Me Make It Through the Night. In 1985, he joined fellow country artists Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, and Johnny Cash to form the country music supergroup, The Highwaymen. He appeared in the films Cisco Pike, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, Blume in Love, Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia, Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore, The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea, A Star is Born, Semi-Tough, Convoy, Heaven’s Gate, Songwriter, Trouble in Mind, Lone Star, Wooly Boys, and The Jacket. He was married to singer, Rita Coolidge.

1937–Camille Chautemps becomes Prime Minister of France.

1937–Joe Louis knocks out James Braddock to win the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1937–Chris Blackwell, owner of the Island Records label, is born Christopher Percy Gordon Blackwell in Westminster, London, England. He was amongst the first to record the popular Jamaican music that eventually became known as ska.

1939–Bobby Harrison, of Procol Harum, is born Robert Leslie Harrison in West Ham, England. He was an early member of group, but shortly after their 1967 hit single A Whiter Shade of Pale was released, he and guitarist, Ray Royer, left to form the band Freedom.

1940–France falls to Nazi Germany.

1940–Film director, Abbas Kiarostami, is born in Tehran, Iran. His films include The Traveler, Where Is the Friend’s Home?, Kelid, Close-up, Life and Nothing More, The White Balloon, Taste of Cherry, Willow and Wind, Ten, and Certified Copy.

1941–Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa.

1941–The June Uprising begins in Lithuania.

1941–Ed Bradley, CBS news correspondent, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is best known for his work on the TV news program 60 Minutes.

1942–The Pledge of Allegiance is formally adopted by U.S. Congress.

1943–Broadcast journalist, Brit Hume, is born Alexander Britton Hume in Washington, D.C. Hume had a 23-year career with ABC News, where he contributed to World News Tonight with Peter Jennings, Nightline, and This Week. He served as ABC's Chief White House correspondent from 1989 through 1996. He then spent 12 years as the Washington, D.C. managing editor of the Fox News Channel and the anchor of Special Report with Brit Hume. Since 2008, he has been the senior political analyst for Fox News and a regular public-affairs panelist for the TV program Fox News Sunday.

1944–President Franklin Roosevelt signs the "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act).

1944–Singer and producer, Peter Asher, is born in London, England. As one half of Peter and Gordon, he gave the world such hits as World Without Love I Go to Pieces, and Woman. His sister, Jane Asher, was Paul McCartney’s girlfriend during the height of Beatlemania, and Paul wrote the duo’s first three hits. In the 1970s, Asher became a superstar record producer for Linda Ronstadt, Diana Ross, Cher, Andrew Gold, and James Taylor.

1945–The Battle of Okinawa comes to an end.

1947–Howard Kaylan, of The Turtles, is born in New York, New York. He first joined with Mark Volman in 1961, to form The Nightriders. After several name changes, they became The Turtles in 1965, and had the hits It Ain't Me Babe, Happy Together, She'd Rather Be With Me, and Eleanor. After The Turtles disbanded in 1970, Kaylan and bandmate Mark Volman joined Frank Zappa's Mothers of Invention, and formed the duo Phlorescent Leech and Eddie, later shortened to Flo and Eddie.

1947–Actor, David L. Lander, is born David Leonard Landau in Brooklyn, New York. He is best known for the role of Andrew "Squiggy" Squiggman on the TV series Laverne & Shirley. He appeared in the films 1941, Wholly Moses!, Used Cars, Pandemonium, The Big Bang, and Scary Movie.

1948–The ship MV Empire Windrush brings the first group of 492 Jamaican immigrants to Tilbury, near London, England, marking the start of modern immigration to the United Kingdom.

1948–Singer and producer, Todd Rundgren, is born in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania. He led the groups Nazz and Utopia and has produced albums for Meat Loaf, Badfinger, Grand Funk Railroad, and XTC. One of the most creative innovators of the “pop music” sound during the 1970s, his hits include Hello, It’s Me and I Saw the Light.

1949–Singer, Alan (Ralph) Osmond, of the Osmond Brothers, is born in Ogden, Utah. He is the oldest of the performing Osmond Brothers.

1949–Actress, Meryl Streep, is born Mary Louise Streep in Summit, New Jersey. She appeared in the films Julia, The Deer Hunter, Manhattan, The Seduction of Joe Tynan, Kramer vs. Kramer, The French Lieutenant’s Woman, Still of the Night, Sophie’s Choice, Silkwood, Falling in Love, Out of Africa, Heartburn, Postcards from the Edge, Defending Your Life, The River Wild, The Bridges of Madison County, The Devil Wears Prada, and The Iron Lady.

1949–Actress, Lindsay (Jean) Wagner, is born in Los Angeles, California. She is best known for the starring role in the TV series The Bionic Woman. She appeared in the films Two People, The Paper Chase, and Nighthawks. She was married to actor, Michael Brandon.

1949–Politician, Elizabeth Warren, is born Elizabeth Ann Herring in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. She is the senior U.S. Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. She was previously a Harvard Law School professor specializing in bankruptcy law. A prominent legal scholar, Warren is among the most cited in the field of commercial law.

1952–Actor, Graham Greene, is born in Six Nations Reserve, Ohsweken, Ontario, Canada. He appeared in the films Running Brave, Spirit Bay, Revolution, Street Legal, Powwow Highway, Dances with Wolves, The Last of His Tribe, Thunderheart, Spirit Rider, Maverick, Die Hard with a Vengeance, The Green Mile, Lost and Delirious, Snow Dogs, and The Twilight Saga: New Moon.

1953–Singer, Cyndi Lauper, is born Cynthia Ann Stephanie Lauper in Queens, New York. Her hits include Girls Just Want to Have Fun and Time After Time.

1954–Honorah Parker, of Christchurch, New Zealand, is murdered by her daughter, Pauline Parker, and her friend, Juliet Hulme, both 16 years old. The two did not want to be split up when one family was going to relocate. The girls' story was made into a film Heavenly Creatures.

1954–Actor, Chris Lemmon, is born Christopher Boyd Lemmon in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films Airport ‘77, Just Tell Me You Love Me, Seems Like Old Times, Swing Shift, Cannonball Run II, That’s Life!, and Dad. He is the son of actor, Jack Lemmon.

1954–Comedian-actor, Freddie Prinze, is born Frederick Karl Pruetzel in New York, New York. He is best known for his starring role on the 1970s sitcom Chico and the Man. He was the father of actor, Freddie Prinze, Jr.

1956–Derek Forbes, of Simple Minds, is born in Glasgow, Scotland.

1957–The Soviet Union launches an R-12 missile for the first time (in the Kapustin Yar).

1958–Actor, Bruce (Lorne) Campbell, is born in Royal Oak, Michigan. He is best known for his role on the TV series The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. He appeared in the films The Evil Deed, Going Back, Crimewave, Intruder, The Dead Next Door, The Hudsucker Proxy, Fargo, Tornado!, Escape from L.A., The Majestic, and Intolerable Cruelty.

1960–Attorney and activist, Erin Brockovich, is born Erin Pattee in Lawrence, Kansas. She is the president of Brockovich Research & Consulting. Brockovich's work in bringing litigation against Pacific Gas & Electric is the focus of the feature film, Erin Brockovich, starring Julia Roberts.

1960–Actress, Tracy (Jo) Pollan, is born in Long Island, New York. She is best known for the role of Ellen Reed on the TV series Family Ties. She appeared in the films Baby It’s You, Promised Land, Bright Lights, Big City, and A Stranger Among Us. She is married actor, Michael J. Fox.

1961–Several Beatles scholars have set June 22-23, 1961, as the most probable dates for The Beatles' first professional recording sessions, which took place in Hamburg, West Germany, for producer Bert Kaempfert. Four Beatles participated (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Pete Best). Backing Tony Sheridan, they recorded a rock version of My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean, later issued as simply My Bonnie. The Beatles also recorded two songs without Sheridan: Ain't She Sweet and Cry For a Shadow. When My Bonnie was released as a single in Germany in June 1961, it was credited to Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers: the name "Beatles" sounded too much like the German slang word "peedles" (penis). The single sold 100,000 copies in Germany, according to Bert Kaempfert.

1963–Giovanni Cardinal Montini is elected Pope by the College of Cardinals. He takes the name Pope Paul VI.

1964–Writer, Dan Brown, is born Daniel Brown in Exeter, New Hampshire. He best known for the best-seller The Da Vinci Code. His books have been translated into 52 languages and they have sold over 200 million copies.

1965–The Kellogg Company registers the trademark “Pop-Tarts.”

1965–Film producer, David O. Selznick, dies of a heart attack in Hollywood, California, at age 63. His films include King Kong, Dinner at Eight, David Copperfield, Anna Karenina, A Tale of Two Cities, Little Lord Fauntleroy, A Star is Born, Made for Each Other, Gone with the Wind, Rebecca, and Portrait of Jennie. He was married to actress, Jennifer Jones.

1969–The Cuyahoga River catches fire in Cleveland, Ohio, drawing national attention to water pollution. It spurs the passing of the “Clean Water Act” and the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency.

1969–Entertainer, Judy Garland, dies from an accidental overdose of prescription drugs in Chelsea, London, England, at age 47. Described by Fred Astaire as "the greatest entertainer who ever lived," and renowned for her unique voice, she attained international stardom throughout a career which spanned more than 40 years. She appeared in the films Pigskin Parade, Love Finds Andy Hardy, The Wizard of Oz, Babes in Arms, Strike Up the Band, Little Nellie Kelly, Ziegfeld Girl, For Me and My Gal, Presenting Lily Mars, Girl Crazy, Meet Me in St. Louis, The Clock, The Harvey Girls, Till the Clouds Roll By, The Priate, Easter Parade, Words and Music, In the Good Old Summertime, Summer Stock, A Star Is Born, Judgment at Nuremberg, A Child Is Waiting, and I Could Go on Singing. Her best known songs include Swanee, Over the Rainbow, It’s a Great Day, The Trolley Song, The Boy Next Door, Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas, On the Archison, Topeka, and the Santa Fe, and The Man That Got Away.

1970–President Richard Nixon signs legislation that lowers the voting age to 18.

1970–The 22nd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: Marcus Welby, M.D.; Best Comedy Series: My World and Welcome to It; Best Musical or Variety Series: The David Frost Show; Best Children’s Program: Sesame Street; Best Actor: Robert Young; Best Actress: Susan Hampshire; Best Comedy Actor: William Windom; Best Comedy Actress: Hope Lange. The ceremonies are held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles, California. The hosts are David Frost and Danny Thomas.

1971–Comedienne-actress, Mary Lynn Rajskub, is born in Detroit, Michigan. She is best known for the role of Chloe O’Brian on the Fox action TV series 24. She appeared in the films Magnolia, Man on the Moon, Sunset Strip, Storytelling, Punch-Drunk Love, Sweet Home Alabama, Helter Skelter, Little Miss Sunshine, Sunshine Cleaning, and Julie & Julia.

1973–Television personality, Carson (Jones) Daly, is born in Santa Monica, California. In 2002, Daly joined NBC-TV, where he began hosting and producing the late night talk show Last Call with Carson Daly. In 2011, he began hosting the music competition show The Voice.

1973–Actress, Lecy Goranson, is born Alicia Linda Goranson in Evanston, Indiana. She is best known for the role of the original Becky Connor on the TV sitcom Roseanne. She appeared in the films How to Make an American Quilt, Boys Don’t Cry, and Love, Ludlow.

1978–Charon, a satellite of the planet Pluto, is discovered by American astronomer, James W. Christy.

1979–Larry Holmes defeats Mike Weaver in Round 12 for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1981–Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to the murder of John Lennon.

1984–Virgin Atlantic Airways launches with its first flight from Heathrow Airport in London, England.

1987–Actor-dancer, Fred Astaire, dies of pneumonia at Century City Hospital in Los Angeles, California, at age 88. His stage and film career spanned 76 years, in which he made 31 musical films. He is best known as the dancing partner and on-screen romantic interest of Ginger Rogers, with whom he co-starred in a series of 10 Hollywood musicals. He appeared in the films Flying Down to Rio, Top Hat, Swing Time, Holiday Inn, Easter Parade, Three Little Words, Royal Wedding, The Bandwagon, Daddy Long Legs, Funny Face, Silk Stockings, On the Beach, The Pleasure of His Company, The Notorious Landlady, The Towering Inferno, and Ghost Story.

1988–Peter Tosh's murderer, Dennis Lobban, is sentenced to hanging by a court in Jamaica. Lobban (who was known to Tosh) and two others had murdered the reggae star in his home the previous year after a failed robbery.

1988–Guitarist, Jesse Ed Davis, dies of an apparent drug overdose at his home in Venice, California, at age 43. He worked on the solo recordings of John Lennon, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr.

1988–Singer, Dennis Day, dies of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in Los Angeles, California, at age 72. He is best known for his appearances on The Jack Benny Program and his own TV series The Dennis Day Show.

1990–Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled in Berlin, Germany. It was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War. After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction. It is now located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin.

1993–Pat Nixon, 44th First Lady of the United States and wife of President Richard Nixon, dies of lung cancer in Park Ridge, New Jersey, at age 81.

1994–The 48th NBA Championship: The Houston Rockets beat the New York Knicks, 4 games to 3.

1996–Diana Ross' brother, Motown songwriter Arthur Ross, is murdered along with his wife, by two robbers at his home in Detroit, Michigan.

1998–Sir Paul McCartney personally chooses and arranges the 45,000 flowers that decorate Manhattan's Riverside Church in New York City, where the friends and family of Linda McCartney gather to say a candlelit goodbye to the wife of the former Beatle.

2000–King Henry’s Feast in Orlando, Florida, closes. Since 1986, it had offered a nightly celebration of the King Henry VIII's birthday, with much merriment (sword fighting, singing, a court jester, etc.) accompanied by wenches serving chicken and ribs with unlimited beer, wine, and soft drinks.

2002–A 6.5 earthquake strikes a region of northwestern Iran, killing at least 261 people and injuring 1,300 others.

2002–Advice columnist, Ann Landers (Eppie Lederer), dies of multiple myeloma in Chicago, Illinois, at age 84. “Ann Landers” was a pen name created in 1943 by The Chicago Sun-Times advice columnist, Ruth Crowley (which was taken over by Eppie Lederer in 1955). Crowley kept her identity as Landers a secret, even enjoining her children to help her keep it quiet, which made it easy for Lederer to step in and take over the column. For 56 years, the “Ask Ann Landers” syndicated advice column was a regular feature in many newspapers across North America.

2009–After 74 years, Eastman Kodak Company announces that it will discontinue sales of Kodachrome Color Film.

2008–Comedian, George Carlin, dies of heart failure at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California, at age 71. Carlin was noted for his black comedy and his thoughts on politics, the English language, psychology, religion, and various taboo subjects. He was the “thinking man’s” comic, who influenced several generations of comedians.

2008–Comedienne, Dody Goodman, dies Englewood, New Jersey, at age 93. She was seen on TV in the shows Search for Tommorrow, The Phil Silvers Show, Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, Fantasy Island, The Love Boat, St. Elsewhere, and Diff’rent Strokes. She appeared in the films Bedtime Story, Silent Movie, Grease, Max Dugan Returns, and Splash.

2009–Two Metro trains collide in Washington, D.C., killing 9 people and injuring over 80 others.

2009–Two Metro trains collide in Washington, D.C., killing nine people and injuring over 80 others.

2012–Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo is removed from office by impeachment and succeeded by Federico Franco.

2012–A Turkish Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter plane is shot down by the Syrian Armed Forces, killing both of the plane's pilots and worsening already-strained relations between Turkey and Syria.

2013–Screenwriter and producer, Gary David Goldberg, dies of brain cancer in Montecito, California, at age 68. He was best known for his work on the TV shows Family Ties and Spin City.

2014–Comedian, Steve Rossi, dies of cancer in a hospice in Las Vegas, Nevada, at age 82. He is best known for his work with Marty Allen, as the comedy team of Allen & Rossi. The pair made many appearances in the 1950s and 1960s, including 44 guest shots on The Ed Sullivan Show.

2015–The Afghan National Assembly building is attacked by gunmen after a suicide bombing. All six of the gunmen are killed and 18 other people are injured.

2015–Sculptor, Donald Featherstone, dies of Lewy body dementia in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, at age 79. He created the plastic pink flamingo while working for Union Products. The now-iconic pink flamingo first went on sale in 1958. In November 2006, Union Products closed and production of the flamingo stopped. In 2010, Cado Products purchased the copyrights and plastic molds for the Pink Flamingos and continues to manufacture them. They are generally sold in sets of two: one holding its head erect, nearly three feet high, the other bending over as if looking for food.

2015–Composer and conductor, James Horner, dies in a plane crash near Los Padres National Forest, California, at age 61. His film scores include The Hand, Wolfen, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, 48 Hrs., Testament, Gorky Park, Cocoon, Aliens, Willow, Field of Dreams, Once Around, Swing Kids, Braveheart, Apollo 13, Titanic, A Beautiful Mind, and Avatar.

2016–The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant declares war on the Philippines.

2016–U.S. House of Representatives Speaker, Paul Ryan, unveils a Republican healthcare agenda that would repeal Obamacare, but keep some of its more popular provisions. The proposal is part of Ryan's blueprint, titled "A Better Way," which offers a Republican alternative to healthcare.

2016–President Barack Obama signs the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act into law. The legislation is the first major overhaul of toxic chemicals rules for America in 40 years.

2016–India's ISRO successfully launches 20 satellites in a single mission.

2016–The Pacific Gas and Electric Company announces it will not pursue license renewal for the two reactors at Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant and will close the site in 2025. Closing Diablo Canyon will be the end of an era in nuclear power in California. Diablo is the last nuclear power plant operating in the state, after the 2012 shutdown of San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station south of San Clemente.

2016–Lightning strikes in the Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh kill at least 70 people, mostly farm laborers.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: King Richard II of England; three kinds of doughnuts; John Dillinger; Michael Todd; Joseph Papp; Kris Kristofferson; the album Procol Harum; Peter Asher; Todd Rundgren; Graham Greene; Bruce Campbell; art for The Beatles in Hamburg; Judy Garland; George Harrison and John Lennon on The David Frost Show; Lecy Goranson; Fred Astaire; Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin, Germany; King Henry’s Feast in Orlando, Florida; George Carlin; and pink flamingoes.

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