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1940–Singer, Tom Jones, is born Thomas Jones Woodward in Pontypridd, Wales. He began his solo career in London in 1964, and went on to have the hits It's Not Unusual, What's New Pussycat? and She's a Lady. He also hosted his own variety TV show from 1969 to 1971, This Is Tom Jones.

421–Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia. The wedding is celebrated at Constantinople (Byzantine Empire).

555–Pope Vigilius dies in Syracuse, Sicily, Eastern Roman Empire.

879–Pope John VIII recognizes the Duchy of Croatia under Duke Branimir as an independent state.

1003–Emperor Jingzong of Western Xia is born Li Yuanhao in China. He was the first Emperor of the Western Xia Empire located in northwestern China, reigning from 1038 to 1048.

1082–Emperor Huizong of Song is born Zhao Ji in China. Huizong was known for his promotion of Taoism. He was a skilled poet, painter, calligrapher, and musician. Huizong was also a great tea enthusiast. He wrote the famous Treatise on Tea, the most detailed and masterful description of the Song dynasty sophisticated style of tea ceremony.

1099–The first Crusaders begin the siege of Jerusalem.

1329–Scottish King, Robert the Bruce, dies at the Manor of Cardross near Dumbarton, Scotland, at age 54. It was said he died of leprosy, but that he may have suffered from tuberculosis, syphilis, motor neurone disease, or a series of strokes. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, and eventually led Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent nation and is today remembered in Scotland as a national hero.

1341–Egyptian sultan, An-Nasir Muhammad, dies at age 57.

1394–Anne of Bohemia dies from the plague at Sheen Palace in London, England, at age 28. She was Queen of England as the first wife of King Richard II. A member of the House of Luxembourg, she was the eldest daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth of Pomerania.

1420–Troops of the Republic of Venice capture Udine, ending the independence of the Patria del Friuli.

1494–Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas, dividing the New World between the two countries.

1502–John III of Portugal is born at the Palace of Alcacova, Libson, Spain.

1570–Sultan Murad Mirza is born in Fatehpur Sikri, Agra.

1628–The Petition of Right, a major English constitutional document, is granted the Royal Assent by Charles I and becomes law.

1654–Louis XIV is crowned King of France.

1660–George II Rákóczi, Prince of Transylvania, dies from wounds received in battle at Nagyvárad, Transylvania, at age 39.

1665–Diarist Samuel Pepys' entry in his diary makes note of signs which are appearing on plague-infested houses in Drury Lane in London, England.

1692–An earthquake hits Porte Royal, Jamaica, killing 1,600 people and injuring 3,000 others.

1697–English biographer, John Aubrey, dies of an apoplexy while traveling, at age 71. He's best known for his “Brief Lives,” sketches he made to help a friend of his who was writing official biographies. He wrote about eminent Englishmen from Thomas Hobbes to William Shakespeare. His portraits include details about what his subjects liked to eat for breakfast, the texture of their skin, and their preference in hats. And Aubrey was the first person to propose that Stonehenge was a temple built by the Druids.

1761–Engineer, John Rennie the Elder, is born at Phantassie, near East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland. He designed the Waterloo Bridge, with its nine equal arches and perfectly flat roadway. Waterloo Bridge was considered his masterpiece, and was the most prestigious bridge project in England. London Bridge, built from his design by his sons (though not constructed until after his death), replaced the medieval bridge, which was proving a serious impediment to the flow of the river and was eventually moved to the state of Arizona.

1769–Daniel Boone begins exploring the state of Kentucky.

1770–Politician, Robert (Banks) Jenkinson, is born in London, England. He was both the youngest and longest-serving Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1812-1827) since 1806.

1770–Politician, Robert Jenkinson, is born in London, England. He was both the youngest and longest-serving Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1812-1827) since 1806.

1776–Richard Henry Lee presents the "Lee Resolution" to the Continental Congress. The motion is seconded by John Adams and leads to the United States Declaration of Independence.

1777–The Second Continental Congress votes to replace the phrase “United Colonies” in all legislation with the phrase “United States of America.”

1778–Dandy, Beau Brummel, is born George Bryan Brummel in London, England. He established the mode of dress for men that rejected overly ornate fashions for one of understated, but perfectly fitted and tailored bespoke garments. This look was based on dark coats, full-length trousers rather than knee breeches and stockings, and immaculate shirt linen and an elaborately knotted cravat. He is also credited with introducing, and establishing as fashion, the modern men's suit, worn with a necktie. He claimed he took five hours a day to dress, and recommended that boots be polished with champagne.

1780–An anti-Catholic riot in London, England, causes hundreds of deaths.

1788–During the French Revolution, civilians in Grenoble toss roof tiles and various objects down upon royal troops.

1799–Princess Victoire of France dies of breast cancer in Trieste, Italy, at age 66.

1800–David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba.

1810–The newspaper, Gazeta de Buenos Ayres, is first published in Argentina.

1832–Asian cholera reaches Quebec, Canada, brought by Irish immigrants, and kills about 6,000 people in lower Canada.

1840–Carlota of Mexico is born Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium. She was a Belgian princess who became Empress of Mexico as the wife of Maximilian I of Mexico.

1840–Frederick William III of Prussia dies in Berlin, Prussia, at age 69. He ruled Prussia during the difficult times of the Napoleonic Wars and the end of the old German Empire.

1848–Artist, Paul Gauguin, is born in Paris, France. A painter, printmaker, sculptor, and ceramicist, his style and experimental use of color were discernibly different from the work of his contemporary Impressionist painters. He left his middle class life and family behind, and became close friends with his contemporary, Vincent Van Gogh. Gaugin eventually left his European life altogether, for a simpler existence in Tahiti. Although his work would influence such artists as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, it went virtually ignored by collectors during his lifetime. Gaugin would become important in the Symbolist movement, as well as providing a liaison to Primitivism and a resurgence of the pastoral.

1862–The United States and Great Britain agree to suppress the African slave trade.

1863–During the French intervention in Mexico, Mexico City is captured by French troops.

1864–Abraham Lincoln is renominated for President by the Republican Party.

1866–One thousand eight hundred Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec, Canada.

1866–Native American leader, Chief Seattle, dies on the Suquamish Reservation at Port Madison, Washington, at age 80. The city of Seattle, Washington, was named after him.

1868–Architect, designer and artist, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, is born in Glasgow, Scotland. He would become the foremost Art Nouveau architect and designer in the United Kingdom. Mackintosh ultimately gained considerable influence on European design as a whole. His building designs often included precise descriptions for the details, decor, and furnishing of his projects. As a result, Mackintosh would also become a renowned designer of fabrics.

1880–In the Battle of Arica, the assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), ends the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).

1887–A monotype type-casting machine is patented by Tolbert Lanston, in Washington, D.C.

1892–Benjamin Harrison becomes the first U.S. President to attend a baseball game.

1892–Homer Plessy is arrested for refusing to leave his seat in the "whites-only" car of a train.

1893–Mahatma Gandhi's philosophy of passive resistance is born when he is thrown off a segregated train in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

1897–Conductor, George Szell, is born György Endre Szél in Budapest, Hungary. He is best known for his long and successful tenure as music director of the Cleveland Orchestra.

1899–American Temperance crusader, Carrie Nation, begins her campaign of vandalizing alcohol-serving establishments by destroying the inventory in a saloon in Kiowa, Kansas.

1905–Norway's parliament dissolves its union with Sweden.

1905–Boxer, James J. Braddock, is born James Walter Braddock in New York, New York. He was the World Heavyweight Champion from 1935 to 1937. In 1935, he fought Max Baer for the heavyweight title and won. He was given the nickname, "Cinderella Man," by Damon Runyon. The biographical film, Cinderella Man, tells Braddock's story. It was directed by Ron Howard, and starred Russell Crowe as Braddock.

1906–Cunard Line's RMS Lusitania is launched from the John Brown Shipyard, Glasgow (Clydebank), Scotland.

1909–The Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens.

1909–Actress, Mary Pickford, makes her big screen debut at the age of 16.

1909–Actress, Jessica (Alice) Tandy, is born in Hackney, London, England. She appeared in the films Murder in the Family, Dragonwyck, September Affair, Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man, The Birds, Butley, Honky Tonk Freeway, The World According to Garp, Still of the Night, Best Friends, The Bostonians, Cocoon, *batteries not included, The House on Carroll Street, Driving Miss Daisy, Fried Green Tomatoes, Used People, and Nobody’s Fool. She was married to actors Jack Hawkins and Hume Cronyn.

1910–Film and TV producer, Arthur Gardner, is born Arthur Goldberg in Marinette, Wisconsin. His work includes the TV shows The Rifleman and The Big Valley.

1911–Engineer, (Clifford) Brooks Stevens, is born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was an industrial designer of home furnishings, appliances, automobiles, and motorcycles. Stevens designed the Jeep Wagoneer and the Oscar Mayer Wienermobile.

1912–The U.S. Army tests the first machine gun mounted on a plane.

1914–The first vessel passes through the locks at the Panama Canal.

1917–During World War I, Allied soldiers detonate a series of mines underneath German trenches at Messines Ridge, killing 10,000 German troops.

1917–Singer-actor, Dean Martin, is born Dino Paul Crocetti in Steubenville, Ohio. He first came to fame in the comedy team, Martin & Lewis (with Jerry Lewis), and then went on to a solo career as a singer and actor. His hit songs include Memories Are Made of This, That's Amore, Everybody Loves Somebody, You're Nobody Till Somebody Loves You, Sway, Volare, and Ain't That a Kick in the Head? He appeared in the films My Friend Irma, The Stooge, Scared Stiff, Living It Up, Artists and Models, Hollywood or Bust, The Young Lions, Some Came Running, Rio Bravo, Who Was That Lady? Bells Are Ringing, Ocean’s 11, Ada, Sergeants 3, Toys in the Attic, 4 for Texas, What a Way to Go!, Robin and the 7 Hoods, The Sons of Katie Elder, The Silencers, and Texas Across the River. His son was pop star, Dino Martin.

1919–Nationalist riots break out in Valletta, Malta, and British soldiers fire into the crowd, killing four people.

1921–The Minnesota Cooperative Creameries Association is formed (today known as Land O'Lakes).

1925–Comedian, Moe Howard, marries Helen Schonberger.

1928–Film producer and director, James (Francis) Ivory, is born in Berkeley, California. For many years he worked extensively with Indian-born film producer, Ismail Merchant (his personal as well as professional partner) and with screenwriter, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala. All three were principals in Merchant Ivory Productions. Among his films are The Householder, The Guru, The Wild Party, Roseland, The Europeans, Quartet, The Bostonians, A Room with a View, Maurice, Slaves of New York, Mr. and Mrs. Bridge, Howard's End, The Remains of the Day, Jefferson in Paris, and Surviving Picasso.

1929–Vatican City becomes a sovereign state.

1930–The New York Times agrees to capitalize the ‘n’ in “Negro.”

1932–Over 7,000 war veterans march on Washington, D.C., demanding bonus pay for their service in World War I.

1934–Concert pianist, Philippe Entremont, is born in Rheims, France. He won prizes in sight-reading at age 12, chamber music at age 14, and piano at age 15. He became Laureat at the international Long-Thibaud Competition at age 16. His recordings as a pianist include concertos by Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, and Saint-Saëns.

1936–The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1937–Comedian, Curly Howard, marries Elaine Ackerman.

1937–Actress, Jean Harlow, dies of kidney failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 26. She was a leading lady for MGM and a sex symbol of the 1930s, nicknamed the "Blond Bombshell" and the "Platinum Blonde." She appeared in the films Hell’s Angels, The Public Enemy, Platinum Blonde, Red Dust, Dinner at Eight, Bombshell, China Seas, and Libeled Lady.

1938–The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.

1938–The Chinese Nationalist government creates the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt Japanese forces: 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed.

1939–The first King and Queen of Britain to visit America, George VI and Elizabeth, arrive in the U.S.

1939–Grapefruit size hail kills hundreds of farm animals in Rock County, Minnesota.

1940–King Haakon VII, Crown Prince Olav, and the Norwegian government leave Tromso and go into exile in London, England.

1940–Singer, Tom Jones, is born Thomas Jones Woodward in Treforest, Pontypridd, Glamorgan, Wales. He began his solo career in London, England, in 1964, and went on to have the hits It's Not Unusual, What's New Pussycat? Thunderball, Promise Her Anything, Green Green Grass of Home, I’ll Never Fall in Love Again, Delilah, and She's a Lady. He also hosted his own variety TV show, This Is Tom Jones, from 1969 to 1971.

1942–The Battle of Midway ends in American victory.

1942–Imperial Japanese soldiers begin occupying the American islands of Attu and Kiska, in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska.

1943–Actor, Ken Osmond, is born Kenneth Charles Osmond in Glendale, California. He is best known for the role of Eddie Haskell on the TV series Leave It to Beaver. He also appeared in the TV shows Fury, Annie Oakley, Circus Boy, The Jack Benny Program, Maverick, Wagon Train, Petticoat Junction, The Munsters, and Lassie. Over the years, rumors sprung up that Osmond and grown up to be rock star, Alice Cooper, and porn star, John Holmes, but neither story was true. In 1970, Osmond joined the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) (he grew a mustache which helped to secure his anonymity). He worked in vice and narcotics, and as a motorcycle officer.

1944–During World War II, the steamer Danae, carrying 350 Cretan Jews and 250 Cretan partisans, is sunk without survivors off the shore of Santorini.

1944–During the Battle of Normandy, members of the SS Division Hitlerjugend massacre 23 Canadian prisoners of war at Ardenne Abbey.

1946–The U.S. Supreme Court bans discrimination in interstate travel.

1946–Comedienne and talk show host, Jenny Jones, is born Janina Stronski in Bethlehem (or Jerusalem), British Mandate for Palestine. She hosted The Jenny Jones Show from 1991 to 2003.

1948–Edvard Bene resigns as President of Czechoslovakia, refusing to sign a Constitution making his nation a Communist state.

1948–The Milton Berle Show debuts on NBC-TV.

1952–Actor, Liam (John) Neeson, is born in Ballymena, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. He appeared in the films Excaliber, Krull, The Bounty, Suspect, A Prayer for the Dying, Satisfaction, The Good Mother, Next of Kin, Husbands and Wives, Schindler's List, Nell, Rob Roy, Michael Collins, Les Miserables, Love Actually, Kinsey, and Taken. He was married to actress, Natasha Richardson.

1953–The first color network telecast in compatible color is aired in Boston, Massachusetts.

1954–The first microbiology laboratory is dedicated in New Brunswick, New Jersey.

1954–Alan Turing, pioneer in computer theory, dies of inhalation of cyanide fumes in Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, at age 41. An inquest determined it was suicide. Turing was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. He is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

1955–Dwight Eisenhower is the first U.S. President to appear on color TV.

1955–Indian Premier Nehru visits the USSR.

1955–The game show, The $64,000 Question, debuts on TV. It ran until the quiz-show scandals brought it down in 1958.

1955–Lux Radio Theater signs off the air permanently. The show was launched in New York in 1934, and featured radio adaptations of Broadway shows and popular films.

1958–The juvenile-delinquent movie, High School Confidential, opens nationwide, featuring Jerry Lee Lewis performing the hit title song.

1958–Rock singer, Prince, is born Prince Rogers Nelson, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. A major figure in popular music for over three decades, Prince is renowned as an innovator and is widely known for his eclectic work, flamboyant stage presence, and wide vocal range. He has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. His biggest hits were Little Red Corvette, 1999, Purple Rain, When Doves Cry, Raspberry Beret, and Kiss. He also starred in the movies Purple Rain, Under the Cherry Moon, Sign o’ the Times, and Graffiti Bridge.

1963–Actress, Zasu Pitts, dies of cancer in Hollywood, California, at age 69. She performed on stage and in films of the “silent era” and on into the 1930s and 1940s. She appeared in the films No, No Nanette, Destry Rides Agian, Life with Father, Francis, The Thrill of It All, and It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World.

1965–The U.S. Supreme Court legalizes the use of contraception by married couples.

1965–The first home videotape recorder and player is released by Japan’s Sony Corporation for a price of $995. It could record only in black and white.

1965–Actress, Judy Holliday, dies of breast cancer in New York, New York, at age 43. She appeared in the films Adam’s Rib, On the Town, Born Yesterday, The Marrying Kind, It Should Happen to You, Phffft!, The Solid Gold Cadillac, and Bells Are Ringing.

1966–Ronald Reagan becomes the 33rd Governor of the state of California.

1967–During the Six-Day War, Israeli soldiers enter Jerusalem.

1967–A press release announces the beginning of the "Yellow Submarine" film project. It is reported that The Beatles will provide at least three new songs for the soundtrack.

1967–Six Flags Over Georgia opens on 80 acres near Atlanta, Georgia. The park has six themed areas: Britain, Confederate, Spain, France, USA, and Georgia. Rides at the opening include: Dahlonega Mine Train, Mini-Mine Train, Astro Lift, Mule-Go-Round, and Happy Motoring Freeway.

1967–Dave Navarro, of Red Hot Chili Peppers, is born David Michael Navarro in Santa Monica, California. He was married to model and actress, Carmen Electra.

1967–Writer, Dorothy Parker, dies of a heart attack in New York, New York, at age 73. In her will, she bequeathed her estate to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Following King's death, her estate was passed on to the NAACP. Her executor, Lillian Hellman, bitterly but unsuccessfully contested this disposition. Her ashes remained unclaimed in various places, including her attorney Paul O'Dwyer's filing cabinet, for approximately 17 years. She was a poet, short story writer, critic, and satirist, best known for her wit and wisecracks. She rose to acclaim, both for her literary output in such venues as The New Yorker and as a founding member of the Algonquin Round Table.

1968–The body of assassinated U.S. Senator, Robert F. Kennedy, lies in state at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York.

1968–Actor, Dan Duryea, dies of cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 61. His films include Ball of Fire, The Pride of the Yankees, Criss Cross, Winchester ‘73, Battle Hymn, and Going My Way.

1969–The Johnny Cash Show debuts on ABC-TV.

1969–Tommy James and the Shondells release Crystal Blue Persuasion.

1970–The Who's rock opera, Tommy, is performed at Lincoln Center in New York City.

1970–Novelist, essayist, and literary critic, E.M. Forster, dies in Coventry, Warwickshire, England, at age 91. His works include A Passage to India, Howard's End, and A Room with a View. His 1927 classic discussion of aesthetics and the creative process, Aspects of the Novel, is still read today.

1971–The U.S. Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent that vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

1971–The Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Division of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service raids the home of Ken Ballew for illegal possession of hand grenades.

1974–Actor, Richard Harris, marries actress, Ann Turkel.

1975–Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder to the public, priced at $995.

1975–A chart topper: Thank God I'm a Country Boy by John Denver.

1975–Actor, Ron Howard, marries Cheryl Alley at Magnolia Park United Methodist Church in Burbank, California.

1976–Capitol Records tries to revive Beatlemania by issuing some of the Fab Four's rockers in a package called Rock 'n' Roll Music. Even though Ringo Starr speaks out against it, it makes it up to #2. John Lennon had offered to do the artwork for the cover, but Capitol chose not to take him up on his offer. Instead, they use a bizarre and rather creepy design, with two large hands holding a picture of the early Beatles. Lennon is appalled when he plays the album and realizes that many of the songs have been remixed.

1977–Queen Elizabeth's Silver Jubilee is celebrated in London, England, with 500 million people watching on television.

1978–The 32nd NBA Championship: The Washington Bullets beat the Seattle Supersonics, 4 games to 3.

1979–Chuck Berry is charged with three counts of tax evasion, coming one day before Berry performs on the White House lawn in front of President Jimmy Carter at the Black Music Association Gala.

1979–The 52nd National Spelling Bee: Katie Kerwin wins, spelling maculature.

1980–Actor, Mel Gibson, marries Robyn Moore in Forestville, New South Wales.

1980–Author, Henry Miller, dies in Pacific Palisades, California, at age 88. Because of the sexual frankness of much of his writing, it was banned in Britain and America until the 1960s, but his work has always had a liberating influence, as much of it was smuggled in from France during the ban, including his novels Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.

1981–Iraq's only nuclear reactor is destroyed by Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers during Operation Opera.

1982–Priscilla Presley opens Graceland to the public, but the bathroom where Elvis Presley died five years earlier is kept off-limits.

1987–Chessington World of Adventures opens southwest of central London, England. Areas include the Market Square, Mystic East, Mexicana, Pirates Cove, Transylvania, and Forbidden Kingdom. It is a part of Chessington Zoo, which opened in 1931.

1989–Linear time happens in numerical sequence at 1:23:45 today, when you add the date. It will be 1:23:45 on 6-7-89.

1990–Nickelodeon Studios in Orlando, Florida, opens its three new soundstages and begins production.

1989–Due to pilot error, Surinam Airways Flight 764 crashes on approach to Paramaribo-Zanderij International Airport in Suriname, killing 176 of the 187 people aboard.

1990–Universal Studios Florida opens in Orlando, Florida.

1991–Mount Pinatubo explodes, creating an ash column 4.5 miles high.

1992–William France, founder of NASCASR (National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing) and the Daytona 500, dies of Alzheimer's disease in Ormond Beach, Florida, at age 82.

1993–Sam Phillips, Chuck Berry, Billy Joel, and Pete Townshend are in attendance as ground is broken for Cleveland's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. It has been seven years since the city won the right to erect the building.

1995–The long-range Boeing 777 enters service with United Airlines.

1996–Movie Park Germany opens as a theme park with real movie studios in Bottrop, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. There are six areas in the park: Hollywood Street Set, Streets of New York, Nickland, the Old West, Santa Monica Pier, and Mystery River and Ice Age.

1996–Max Factor, Jr., makeup innovator, dies of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California, at age 91. He was president of the Max Factor Cosmetics empire.

1997–The Stanley Cup: The Detroit Red Wings beat the Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 0.

2000–The United Nations defines the Blue Line as the border between Israel and Lebanon.

2003–Actor, Edward Burns, marries model, Christy Turlington, at St. Peter and Paul's Catholic Church in San Francisco, California.

2008–Sportscaster, Jim McKay, dies of natural casues in Monkton, Maryland, at age 86. He is best known for hosting ABC's Wide World of Sports (1961-1998). McKay covered a wide variety of special events, including the Kentucky Derby, the British Open, and the Indianapolis 500.

2009–Singer, Kenny Rankin, dies of lung cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 69. He had a big hit with the song Peaceful.

2012–The 16th-century archaeology remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare's plays were first performed, are found under a pub in London, England.

2012–Singer-songwriter and guitarist, Bob Welch, of Fleetwood Mac, dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the chest in Antioch, Tennessee, at age 66. Welch resigned from Fleetwood Mac in December 1974, and was replaced by Lindsey Buckingham and Stevie Nicks. As a solo artist, his biggest hit was Sentimental Lady. His father was movie producer and screenwriter, Robert L. Welch (who worked at Paramount Pictures in the 1940s and 1950s).

2013–A bus catches fire in Xiamen, China, killing at least 47 people and injuring more than 34 others.

2013–A gunman opens fire at Santa Monica College in Santa Monica, California, after setting a house on fire nearby, killing six people, including himself.

2013–Serial killer, Richard Ramirez, dies of B-cell lymphoma (while awaiting execution on California's death row) in Greenbrae, California, at age 53. He was known as the “Night Stalker.” His highly publicized home invasion crime spree terrorized the residents of the greater Los Angeles area, and later the residents of the San Francisco area, from June 1984 until August 1985. He was convicted of 13 counts of murder, 5 counts of attempted murder, 11 counts of sexual assault, and 14 counts of burglary.

2014–At least 37 people are killed in an attack in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's South Kivu province.

2014–Jane Gray, Scottish-Australian super-centenarian, dies of natural causes in Smithfield, New South Wales, Australia, at age 112 (and 188 days). Until 2013, Gray lived at home with her daughter and expressed her hope to become the world's oldest living person. She then moved into a nursing home. After her death, Vi Robbins, became the oldest living Australian person.

2015–Actor, Sir Christopher Lee, dies of heart failure in Chelsea, London, England, at age 93. With a career spanning nearly 70 years, Lee initially portrayed villains and became best known for his role as Count Dracula in a sequence of Hammer Horror films. He appeared in the films Hamlet, Quo Vadis, Moulin Rouge, The Dark Avenger, The Curse of Frankenstein, The Truth About Women, A Tale of Two Cities, Dracula, Corridors of Blood, The Hound of the Baskervilles, The Man Who Could Cheat Death, Beat Girl, Dr. Terror's House of Horrors, Dracula: Prince of Darkness, The Oblong Box, The Magic Christian, and Scream and Scream Again.

2017–President Donald Trump announces lawyer, Christopher A. Wray, as his nominee for director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

2017–The oldest fossil records of Homo sapiens are discovered in Morocco, dated at between 300,000 and 350,000 years old. Up until now, the earliest human fossils had been dated as 200,000 years old.

2017–A military aircraft with 120 people on board crashes into the Andaman Sea, off the coast of Myanmar.

2018–NASA announces the discovery by its Curiosity rover of preserved organic matter in an ancient lake bed on Mars.

2018–Scientists in China have discovered what they claim are the oldest fossilised animal footprints ever found. The parallel tracks were formed in mud up to 551 million years ago in southern China’s Yangtze Gorges.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Emperor Jingzong of Western Xia; Scottish King, Robert the Bruce; John Aubrey; Beau Brummel; a self-portrait of Paul Gauguin; monotype type-casting machine; Mary Pickford; Dean Martin; James Ivory; Philippe Entremont; Tom Jones; Ken Osmond; Liam Neeson; Prince; Judy Holliday; Dorothy Parker; Crystal Blue Persuasion by Tommy James and The Shondells; The Beatles Rock 'n' Roll Music LP; Henry Miller; Universal Studios Florida; vintage Max Factor ad; and Bob Welch.

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